141 terms

female reproductive system terminology

STUDY
PLAY
MASTECTOMY
surgical removal of the breast
MASTOPEXY
surgical fixation of the breast
OOPHORECTOMY
excision of an ovary
SALPINGO-OOPHORECTOMY
excision of the uterine tube and ovary
SALPINGOSTOMY
creation of an artifical opening in the uterine tube
VULVECTOMY
excision of the vulva
ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR COLPORRAPHY (A&P REPAIR)
surgical repair of a weakened vaginal wall to repair a cystocele and a rectocele
CONIZATION
the surgical removal of a cone shaped area of the cervix
DILATION AND CURETTAGE (D&C)
dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium with a curette
ENDOMETRIAL ALBATION
a procedure to destroy or remove the endometrium by use of laser or thermal energy
LAPAROSCOPY OR LAPARASCOPIC SURGERY
visual examination of the abdominal cavity
MYOMECTOMY
excision of a fibroid tumor from the uterus
SENTINEL LYMPH NODE BIOPSY
an injection of blue dye and/or radioactive isotope used to identify the sentinel lymph nodes
STEREOTACTIC BREAST BIOPSY
a technique that combines mammography and computer-assisted biopsy to obtain tissue from a breast
TUBAL LIGATION
closure of the uterine tubes for sterilization by tying
UTERINE ARTERY EMBOLIZATION (UAE)
minimally invasive procedure used to treat fibroids of the uterus by blocking arteries that supply blood to the fibroids
HYDORSALPINX
water in the uterine tube
HYSTERATRESIA
closure of the uterus
MASTITIS
inflammation of the breast
MENOMETRORRHAGIA
rapid flow of blood from the uterus at menstruation
MENORRHAGIA
rapid flow of blood at menstruation
METRORRHAGIA
rapid flow of blood from the uterus
MYOMETRITIS
inflammation of the uterine muscle (myometrium)
OLIGMENORRHEA
SCANTY MENSTRUAL FLOW
OOPHORITIS
imflammation of the ovary
PERMETRITIS
inflammation surrounding the uterus (perimetrium)
PYOSALPINX
pus in the uterine tube
SALPINGITIS
inflammation of the uterine wall
SALPINGOCELE
hernia of the uterine tube
VULVOVAGINITIS
inflammation of the vulva and vagina
CERVICECTOMY
EXCISION OF THE CERVIX
COLPOPERINEORRAPHY
suture of the vagina and perineum
COLPOPLASTY
surgical repair of the vagina
COLPORRAPHY
suture of the vagina
EPISIOPERINEOPLASTY
surgical repair of the vulva and perineum
EPISIORRAPHY
suture of (a tear) the vulva
HYMENECTOMY
excision of the hymen
HYMENOTOMY
incision of the hymen
UTERUS
muscular organ
ARCHE/O
first, beginning
CERVIC/O
cervix
COLP/O, VAGIN/O
vagina
CULD/O
cul-de-sac
EPISI/O, VULV/O
vulva
GYNEC/O, GYN/O
woman
HYMEN/O
hymen
HYSTER/O, METR/O, METR/I
uterus
MAMM/O, MAST/O
breast
MEN/O
menstruation
OOPHOR/O
ovary
PERINE/O
perineum
SALPING/O
uterine tube (fallopian tube)
-RRHAGIA
rapid flow of blood
PERI-
surrounding
-SALPINX
uterine tube
AMENORRHEA
absence of a menstrual discharge
BARTHOLIN ADENITIS OR BARTHOLINITIS
inflammation of the Bartholin Gland
CERVICITIS
inflammation of the cervix
COLPITIS OR VAGINITIS
inflammation of the vagina
DYSMENORRHEA
painful menstruation
ENDOCERVICITIS
inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix
ENDOMETRITIS
inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium)
HEMATOSALPINX
blood in the uterine tube
HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAM
radiographic image of the uterus and uterine tubes
MAMMOGRAM
radiographic image of the breast
MAMMOGRAPHY
radiographic imaging of the breast
SONOHYSTEROGRAPHY (SHG)
process of recording the uterus by use of sound
COLPOSCOPE
instrument used for visual exammination of the vagina
COLPOSCOPY
visual examination of the vagina
CULDOSCOPE
instrument used for visual examination of the Douglas Cul-de-Sac
CULDOSCOPY
visual examination of the douglas Cul-de-Sac
HYSTEROSCOPE
intrument used for visual exammination of the uterus
HYSTEROSCOPY
visual exammination of the uterus
CULDOCENTESIS
surgical punture to remove fluid from the Douglas Cul-de-Sac
VULVOVAGINAL
pertaining to the vulva and vagina
TRANSVAGINAL SONOGRAPHY
an ultrasound procedure that uses a transducer, placed in the vagina to obtain images of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, uterine tubes, and surrounding structures
CA-125 (CANCER CENTIGEN-125 TUMOR MARKER)
blood test used in the detection of ovarian cancer
PAP SMEAR
a cytological study of cervical and vaginal secretion used to determine the presence of abnormal or cancerous cells
GYNECOLOGIST
physician who studies and treats diseases of women
GYNECOLOGY
study of women
GYNOPATHIC
pertaining to diseases of women
LEUKORRHEA
white discharge (from the vagina)
MASTALGIA
pain in the breast
MASTOPTOSIS
sagging breast
MENARCHE
beginning of menstruation
VAGINAL
pertaining to the vagina
OVARIES
organs in which cells are formed
CERVIX
lower portion of the uterus
ENDOMETRIUM
inner lining of the uterus
FUNDUS
rounded upper portion of the uterus
CORPUS
large central portion of the uterus
PERIMETRIUM
outer thin layer that covers the uterus
MYOMETRIUM
muscular middle layer of the uterus
PERINEUM
pelvic floor
FIMBRIAE
finger-like projection at the free end of the uterine wall
VAGINA
tube that connects the uterus to the outside of the body
BARTHOLIN GLANDS
mucous producing glands located on each side of the vagina
MAMMARY GLAND
AKA BREAST;pair of milk producing glands of the female; each consist of 15-20 lobes
OVUM
female egg cells
VULVA
AKA EXTERNAL GENITALS; TWO PAIRS OF LIPS (labia majora & labia minora) that surrounds the vagina
AREOLA
pigmented around the breast
DOUGLAS CUL-DE-SAC
AKA RECTOUTERINE POUCH; pouch between the posterior wall of the uterus and the anterior wall of the rectum
MAMMARY PAPILLAE
breast nipples
UTERINE TUBE
passaway for ovum
GRAAFIAN FOLLICLES
microscopic sacs in the ovaries
ADENOMYOSIS
growth of the endometrium into the muscular portion of the uterus
BREAST CANCER
malignant tumor of the breast
CERVICAL CANCER
mailgnant tumor of the cervix; progresses from cellular dysplasia to carcinoma
ENDOMETRIAL CANCER
malignant tumor of the endometrium; aka uterine cancer
ENDOMETRIOSIS
abnormal condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus in various areas in the pelvic cavity
FIBRROCYSTIC BREAST DISEASE
a disorder characterised by one or more benign cysts in the breast
FIBROID TUMOR
benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle; aka myoma of the uterus or leiomyoma
OVARIAN CANCER
malignant tumor of the ovary
PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID)
inflammation of the female pelvic organs
PROLAPSED UTERUS
downward displacement of the uterus into the vagina
TOXIC SHOCK SYNDROME (TSS)
a severe illness characterized by high fever, rash, vomiting, diarrhea
VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA
abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina
HYSTERECTOMY
excision of the uterus
HYSTEROPEXY
surgical fixation of the uterus
HYSTEROSALINGO-OOPHORECTOMY
excision of the uterus, uterine tube and the ovaries
MAMMOPLASTY
surgical repair of the breast
DYSPAREUNIA
difficult or painful intercourse
FISTULA
abnormal passageway between two organs or between a internal organ and the body surface
HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY (HRT)
replacement of hormones, estrogen, and/or progesterone, to treat symptoms associated with menopause
MENOPAUSE
cessation of menstruation usually around ages 48 to 53 years
PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME (PMS)
a syndrome involving physical and emotional symptoms occurring in the 10 days before menstruation
SPECULUM
instrument for opening a body cavity to allow visual inspection
A&P REPAIR
anterior and posterior colporrhaphy
Cx
cervix
D & C
dilation and currettage
FBD
fibrocystic breast disease
GYN
gynecology
HRT
hormone replacement therapy
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
SHG
sonohysterography
TAH/BSO
total abdominal hysterectomy/bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
TSS
toxic shock syndrome
TVH
total vaginal hysterectomy
TVS
transvaginal sonography
UAE
utertine artery embolization