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Terms in this set (25)
Enlightened thinkers can be understood as secularists because they strongly recommended
the application of the scientific method to the analysis and understanding of all aspects of human life.
European intellectual life in the 18th century was marked by
The emergence of secularization and a search to find the natural laws governing human life.
The French philosophes
were literate intellectuals who meant to change the world through reason and rationality.
The recognized capital of the Enlightenment was
Deism is the belief that
God created the universe but does not actively run it.
The belief in natural laws underlying all areas of human life led to
The emergence of "the science of man."
According to The Social Contract, the "general will" was
a social consensus to which the individual must bow
The growth of reading and publishing in the 18th century was aided and characterized by the development of
magazines for the general public.
High culture in 18th century Europe was characterized by the
enormous impact of the publishing industry.
By the end of the 18th century
corporal and capital punishment were on the decline
The punishment of crime in the 18th century was often
public and very gruesome.
In the 18th century, churches, both Catholic and Protestant
still played a major role in social and spiritual areas.
Politically, the period from 1715 to 1789 witnessed
the continuing process of centralization in the development of nation-states.
France in the 18th century
lost an empire while acquiring a huge public debt.
A continuing trend in the 18th century Prussia was
the social and military dominance of the Junker nobility.
The Austrian emperor Joseph II
provoked the general discontent due to his enlightened but radical reforms
The enlightened legal reforms expressed by Catherine the Great in her Instructions
accomplished little due to heavy opposition and were soon forgotten.
The dismemberment of Poland in the late 18th century
showed the necessity of a strong, centralized monarchy to defend a state in the period.
Those rulers associated with the enlightened absolutism in the 18th century
could never completely overcome the political and social realities of the time
European warfare in the 18th century was characterized by
limited objectives and elaborate maneuvers.
During the second half of the 18th century
double that of the first half of the century
A key financial advantage the British government enjoyed over French rulers in the 18th century was
Britain's capacity to borrow large sums of money at low rates of interest.
European society in the 18th century witnessed
All of the following are correct about trade and commerce in the 18th century except
international trade had become greater than trade within Europe.
The European peasantry in the 18th century
often owed extensive compulsory services to aristocratic landowners.
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