50 terms

Computer Exam 1 Vocab

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Terms in this set (...)

all-in-one
G. type of desktop computer that does not contain a tower and instead uses the same case to house the display and the processing circuitry
Server
J. component that records and/or retrieves items to and from storage media
Phablet
B. mobile device that combines features of a smartphone and a tablet
Digital Device Converence
A. term that describes the trend of computers and devices with technologies that overlap
Touchpad
D. small, flat, rectangular pointing device that is sensitive to pressure and motion
Storage Device
J. component that records and/or retrieves items to and from storage media
Solid-state Drive
C. storage device that typically uses flash memory to store data, instructions, and information
File
F. named collection of stored data, instructions, or information
Software
H. series of related instructions, organized for a common purpose, that tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them
Operating System
E. set of programs that coordinates all the activities among computer or mobile device hardware
Tethering
E. technique that transforms a smartphone or Internet-capable tablet into a portable communications device that shares its Internet access with other computers and devices wirelessly
Internet Backbone
I. term used to refer to the major carriers of network traffic
Domain Name
A. text-based name that corresponds to the IP address of a server that hosts a website
Web Server
G. computer that delivers requested webpages to your computer or mobile device
Tag
J. short descriptive label that you assign to digital content so that it is easier to locate at a later time
Catfishing
H. online practice of creating a fake profile to form relationships with unsuspecting users
Wiki
D. collaborative website that allows users to create, add, modify, or delete website content via a browser
Curation Website
B. website or web app that allows users to collect and compile content from a variety of websites about a particular topic or theme
Chat
F. real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer or mobile device with many other online users
Cyberbullying
C. harassment, often involving teens and preteens, using technology
Peripheral Device
D. component you connect to a computer or mobile device to expand its capabilities
Motherboard
J. the main circuit board of a personal computer
CPU
G. electronic component that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate a computer
Slate Tablet
C. tablet that does not contain a physical keyboard
Phablet (2)
A. term used to refer to a device that combines the features of a smartphone with a tablet
Server Virtualization
F. the use of software to enable a physical server to emulate the hardware and computing capabilities of one or more servers
Thin Client
E. terminal that looks like a desktop but has limited capabilities and components
Kiosk
H. freestanding terminal that usually has a touchscreen for user input
Push Notification
I. message that initiates from a sending location without a request from the receiver
Fault-tolerant Computer
B. computer with duplicate components so that it can continue to operate when one of its main components fail
Tools
D. program that enables you to perform maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing devices, media, and programs used by computers and mobile devices
Shareware
B. copyrighted software that is distributed at no cost for a trial period
Software as a Service
E. computing environment where an Internet server hosts and deploys applications
QR code
I. square-shaped graphic that represents a web address or other information
CBT
G. type of education in which students learn by using and completing exercises with instructional software
Personal Firewall
F. security tool that detects and protects a personal computer and its data from unauthorized intrusions
Payload
A. destructive event or prank a virus was created to deliver
Worm
C. malware that resides in active memory and replicates itself over a network to infect computers and devices, using up the system resources and possibly shutting down the system
Quarantine
J. separate area of a hard drive that holds an infected file until the infection can be removed
Phishing
H. scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking email message that attempts to obtain personal and/or financial information
Firmware
E. ROM chips or flash memory chips that store permanent instructions
Command Language
J. set of commands used to control actions performed in a command-line interface
Thrashing
A. operating system problem that occurs when it spends much of its time paging, instead of executing application software
Buffer
I. segment of memory or storage in which items are placed while waiting to be transferred from an input device or to an output device
Driver
B. small program that tells the operating system how to communicate with a specific device
Bloatware
H. additional programs and apps included with operating systems, usually for profit
Proprietary Software
D. software that is privately owned and limited to a specific vendor or computer or device model
Device-Independent
F. operating system that runs on computers and mobile devices provided by a variety of manufacturers
Icons
C. Windows term for a shortcut to an app or other content
Open Source Software
G. software whose code is provided for use, modification, and redistribution