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88 terms

Swim camp

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Joseph Stalin
Took control of the soviet union in 1924
Adolf Hilter
Leader of Germany
Francisco Franco
Spanish General that led a rebellion in 1936
Benito Mussolini
Italian ruler of the totalitarian government
Neville Chamberlain
British prime minister met with Hitler
Facist government after WWII
Spain
Opposed the treaty of Versailes
Isolationists
Invasion of Poland
Beginning of WWII German and Soviet victory
Battle of Britian
Forced Germany to Bomb at night and be distracted from other parts of the world
Nuremberg laws
Stripped Jews of their German citizenship, jobs and property
Genocide
The deliberate and systematic extermination of a national racial, political or cultural group
Non-aggression pact
Germany and Rusia agreed never to attack each other
Holocaust
Systematic murder of 11 million people across Europe, more than 1/2 Jews
Blitzkrieg
Lightning war used new military technology
Pearl harbour
Japan bombed Hawaii
U-Boat
Rattle snacks of the Atlantic- when you see one be poised to crush them
Lend lease act
US would lend or lease armies and other supplies to any county vital to the US
Winston Churchill
Chamberlains political rival in Britian
Atlantic charter
Joint declaration of war aims. US and Britian
Charles De Galle
French general fled to England and set up a government in exile
Hideki Tojo
Chief of Japan army who became the prime minister of Japan
United nations
Keep world peace and resolve issues
Nuremberg Trials
The trial of 24 nazi leaders for crimes against humanity, crimes against the peace and war crimes.
Battle of Stalingrad
Hitler destroyed the city of Stalingrad. Battle was house to house.
First disagreement between US and USSR
Potsdam conference or UN
Satellite nations
Alba ia, Bulgaria, Czechoslovkia, Hungry, Romania, Poland
Truman doctrine
Policy set by Present. trims stating the US would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid.
Marshall plan
Gave $13million to Europe to fight against hunger,poverty, desperation, choas
Berlin blockade/airlift
Fly food and supplies into West Berlin. Stalin shut down highways and railroads.
NATO
north Atlantic Treaty Organization
Mao Zedong
Leader of the Chinese Communists
Chianf Kai-shek (nationalist)
Leader of the Chinese Nationalists
Korean war and China's involvement
China supported and partnered with North Korea
38th parrarel
Line between north and south Vietnam
Douglas MacArthur involvement in Korean war
In charge of South Korea and UN troops
HUAC
Investigated possible communist influence
Hollywood Ten
Refused to cooperate with investigation
Blacklist
500's blacklisted
Alger Hiss
Alger Hiss was charged with spying for the Soviet Union. Sent to jail. Later pardoned by Nixon.
The Rosenbergs
Activists in the US communist party that were excited.
Mc Carthyism
Unsupported accusations that people weds communists
H-bomb
It was developed to be more destructive and before the Soviets.
CIA
Central intelligence agency.
Braceros
Laws allowed US to temporarily import contract laborer. Agreement between US and Mexico.
Termination policy
...
JFK
John F Kennedy was President in 1961 and was assinated.
Richard Nixon
Ran against John F Kennedy for President
Election of 1960
First time Americans were able to see a Presidential debate on TV?
Fidel Castro
Leader of Communist Cuba
Flexible response
Kennedys belief we needed to be able to respond without nuclear weapons. US built conventional warfare.
Bay of Pigs
US invasion of Cuba that failed.
Cuban missile crisis
Soviets installed nuclear weapons in Cuba
Nikita Khrushchev
Premiere of Soviet Union
Berlin wall
Wall built by Soviets to separate East and West Soviet Union. To keep easterners in.
Hot line
Telephone line between US and the Kremlin
Limited test ban treaty
Agreement limiting the testing of nuclear weapons
Peace corp
Kennedys agency to support developing nations in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Robert Kennedy
Attorney General and closest advisor to John F Kennedy.
Warren Commision
Looked into assignation of Kennedy.
Lyndon Johnson
Johnson was Vice President who became President when Kennedy was shot.
Medicare
Government was to provide medical insurance for Americans over 65.
Medicaid
Government was to provide medical insurance for low income Americans.
Reapportionment
Redrawing of election districts to reflect changes in population.
Warren court
Court for civil rights cases. (for Supreme court)
Baker vs. CARR
Established principle -one person one vote
Voting rights act of 1965
Eliminated voter literacy tests and enabled federal people to register voters
Selma to Montgomery March
March to protest the killing of a demonstrator
Malcolm X
Civil rights leader who studied the teachings of Islam and promoted violence
Nation of Islam
Black Muslim group. Believed whites were the cause of black problems.
De Jure segregatioon
Segregation by law
De Facto segregation
Segregation that exists by practice or custom
Stokely Carmichael (black power)
Leader of SNCC that joined with King and McKissick to finish the march on Mississippi
Black panthers
Political party to fight police brutality. Self police. Wore all black clothes.
Kerner commission
Commission to study causes of urban violence. To report and end DeFacto segregation.
Civil rights act of 1968
Ended discrimination in housing
Countries that had occupied Vietnam
France, Japan
Ho Chi Minh
Leader of North Vietnam and communist party
Containment of communism
US attempt to stop spread of communism
Tet offensive
Surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnam. During Tet (new year holiday)
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Congressional resolution giving the President broad powers to wage war in Vietnam
Viet Cong
South Vietnamese Communists supported by North Vietnam
William Westmoreland
US commanding general of Vietnam
Deferred into the draft
Lottery of birthday at age 18
Credibility gap
US public didn't believe government about Vietnam
SDS
Students for a Democratic Society. Anti war
FSM
Flying spaghetti monster
ERA
Equal rights amendment. Proposed and failed amendment to end discrimination.
Beatles
British rock and roll band. Huge influence on US music.