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20 terms

Biology Chapter 30

member of the phylum Chordata; animal that has, for at least some stage of its life, a dorsal hollow nerve cord, a notochord, pharyngeal pouches, and a muscular tail
long supporting rod that runs through a chordate's body just below the nerve cord
pharyngeal pouch
one of a pair of structures in the throat (pharynx) region of a chordate
individual segment of the backbone; encloses and protects the spinal cord
aquatic vertabrate characterized by paired fins, scales, and gills
strong connective tissue that supports the body and is softer and more flexible than bone
upper chamber of the heart that receives and holds blood that is about to enter the ventricle
lower chamber of the heart that pumps blood out of the heart
area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of the body
region of the brain that coordinates body movements
medulla oblongata
area of the brain that controls the functioning of many internal organs
lateral line system
sensitive receptor system that enables fish to detect gentle currents and vibrations in the water
swim bladder
internal gas-filled organ in many bony fishes that adjusts their buoyancy
term used to refer to animals whose eggs hatch outside the mother's body
term used to refer to animals whose young are born alive after developing in eggs inside the mother's body
term used to refer to animals that bear live young that are nourished directly by the mother's body as they develop
vertebrate that, with some exceptions, lives in water as a larva and on land as an adult, breathes with lungs as an adult, has moist skin that contains mucus glands, and lacks scales and claws
a muscular cavity at the end of the large intestine through which digestive wastes, urine, and eggs or sperm leave the body
nictitating membrane
movable transparent membrane in amphibians located inside the regular eyelid; protects the surface of the eye from damage under water and keeps it moist on land
tympanic membrane
The eardrum. A structure that separates the outer ear from the middle ear and vibrates in response to sound waves.