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Chapter 7 Male Reproductive System

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testis, or testicle
primary male sex organs, paired, oval-shaped, and enclosed in a sac called the scrotum
sperm
the microscopic male germ cell
testosterone
the principal male sex hormaone
seminiferous tubules
approximately 900 coiled tubes within the testes in which spermatogenesis occurs
epididymis
coiled duct atop each of the testes that provides for storage, transit, and maturation of spermatozoa
vas deferens, ductus deferens, or seminal duct
duct carrying for the sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
seminal vesicles
two main glands located at the base of the bladder that open into the vas deferens
prostate gland
encircles the upper end of the urethra; secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of the sperm and ejaculation
scrotum
sac suspended on both sides of and just behind the penis
penis
male organ of urination and copulation
glans penis
enlarged tip at the end of the penis
prepuce
fold of skin covering the glans penis in uncircumcised males
semen
composed of sperm, seminal fluids, and other secretions
genitalia
reproductive organs (male or female)
balan/o
glans penis
epididym/o
epididymis
orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o, test/o
testis, testicle
prostat/o
prostate gland
vas/o
vessel, duct
vesicul/o
seminal vesicle
andr/o
male
sperm/o, spermat/o
spermatozoon
-ism
state of
anorchism
state of absence of testis
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
balanorrhea
discharge from the glans penis
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland
cryptochidism
state of hidden testes
epididymitis
inflammation of an epididymis
orchiepididymitis
inflammation of the testis and epididymis
orchitis, orchiditis, or testitis
inflammation of the testis and testicle
protatitis
inflammation of the prostate gland
prostatocystitis
inflammation of the prostate gland and the bladder
prostatolith
stone in the prostate gland
prostatorrhea
discharge from the prostate gland
prostatovesiculitis
inflammation of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles
erectile dysfunction (ED)
the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse; formally known as impotence
hydrocele
scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid
phimosis
a tightness of the prepuce that prevents its retraction over the glans penis
priapism
persistent abnormal erection of the penis accompanied by pain and tenderness
prostate cancer
cancer of the prostate gland
testicular carcinoma
cancer of the testicle
testicular torsion
twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis
varicocele
enlarged veins of the spermatic cord
balanoplasty
surgical repair of the glans penis
epididymectomy
excision of an epididymis
orchidectomy, orchiectomy
excision of the testes
orchidopexy, orchiopexy
surgical fixation of a testicle
orchidotomy, orchiotomy
incision into a testis
orchioplasty
surgical repair of a testis
prostatectomy
excision of the prostate gland
prostatocystotomy
incision into the prostate gland and bladder
prostatolithotomy
incision into the prostate gland to remove a stone
prostatovesiculectomy
excision of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles
vasectomy
excision of a duct
vasovasostomy
creation of artificial openings between ducts
vesiculectomy
excision of the seminal vesicles
circumcision
surgical removal of the prepuce
hydrocelectomy
surgical removal of a hydrocele
radical prostatectomy (RP)
excision of the prostate gland with its capsule, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, and sometimes pelvic lymph nodes
suprapubic prostatectomy
excision of the prostate gland through an abdominal incision made above the pubic bone and through an incision in the bladder
transurethral incision of the prostate gland (TUIP)
a surgical procedure that widens the urethra by making a few small incision in the bladder neck and the prostate gland
transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT)
a treatment that eliminates excess tissue present in benign prostatic hyperplasia by using heat generated by microwave
transurethral resection of the prostate gland (TURP)
successive pieces of the prostate gland tissue are resected by using a resectoscope inserted through the urethra
transrectal ultrasound
and procedure used to diagnose prostate cancer
prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
a blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen in the blood
digital rectal examination (DRE)
a physical examination in which the physician inserts a finger into the rectum and feels for the rectum and feels for the size and shaped of the prostate gland through the rectal wall
andropathy
disease of the male
aspermia
condition of without sperm
oligospermia
condition of scanty sperm
spermatolysis
dissolution of sperm
acquire immunodeficiency syndrom (AIDS)
a disease that affects the body's immune system
artificial insemination
introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means
chlamydia
a sexually transmitted disease
coitus
sexual intercourse between male and female
condon
cover for the penis worn during coitus to prevent conception and the spread of sexually transmitted disease
ejaculation
ejection of semen from the male urethra
genital herpes
sexually transmitted disease caused by herpesvirus hominis type 2
gonads
male and female sex glands
gonorrhea
contagious, inflammatory sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterial organism that affects the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system
heterosexual
person who is attracted to a member of the opposite sex
homosexual
person who is attracted to a member of the same sex
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
a type of retrovirus that causes AIDS
human papillomavirus (HPV)
a prevalent sexually transmitted disease causing benign or cancerous growths in male and female genitals
orgasm
climax of sexual stimulation
prosthesis
an artificial replacement of an absent body part
puberty
period when secondary sex characteristics develop and the ability to reproduce sexually begins
sexually transmitted disease (STD)
diseases, such as syphilis, gnorrhea, and genital herpes, transmitted during sexual contact
sterilization
process that renders an individual unable to produce offspring
syphilis
chronic infection caused by the bacterium treponema pallidum, which usually is transmitted by sexual contact
trichomoniasis
a sexually transmitted disease caused by a one-cell organism, trichomonas