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26 terms

The Hebrews and Judaism vocabulary

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Judaism
A religion with a belief in one god. It originated with Abraham and the Hebrew people. Yahweh was responsible for the world and everything within it. They preserved their early history in the Old Testament.
monotheism
belief in a single God
Exodus
The second book of the Bible, so named because it relates the departure of the Israelites from Egypt and their wandering through the desert up to Mt Sinai.
Diaspora
the scattering of the Jews outside Israel
Ten Commandments
A set of laws for responsible behavior, which, according to the Bible, were given to Moses by God.
Mosaic Law
based on Moses and ten commandments
Torah
(Judaism) the scroll of parchment on which the first five books of the Hebrew Scripture is written
Talmud
the collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish law and tradition (the Mishna and the Gemara) that constitute the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism
Tanach
the Jewish scriptures which consist of three divisions--the Torah and the Prophets and the Writings
Dead Sea Scrolls
writings by Jews who lived about 2,000 years ago
synagogue
(Judaism) the place of worship for a Jewish congregation
rabbis
ordained Jewish teachers and spiritual leaders
Sabbath
a day of rest and worship: Sunday for most Christians
kosher
food that fulfills the requirements of Jewish dietary law
Orthodox
These Jews follow all the Jewish laws the most strictly
Reform
Jews who beleive in the same traditions as Orthodox Jews just in a modernized form. They are also less strict than orthodox jews.
Conservative
The least strict out of the three types of judaism.
Rosh Hashanah
(Judaism) a solemn Jewish feast day celebrated on the 1st or 1st and 2nd of Tishri
Yom Kippur
(Judaism) a solemn Jewish fast day
Sukkot
week of celebration, people live in booths and offering sacrifices; 7th Month/ 15th - 21st of Tishri; Purpose-Remembers the wondering in the wilderness from Egypt to Cannan.
Hannukah
(Judaism) an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem in 165 BC
Purim
(Judaism) a Jewish holy day commemorating their deliverance from massacre by Haman
Passover
(Judaism) a Jewish festival (traditionally 8 days) celebrating the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt
Zealots
Jews that rose up in armed rebellion against Rome in 66ce; unsuccessful, and Jewish Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed
Masada
In 74 A.D. 960 rebels held out on this mountaintop in a fortress.
Jerusalem
capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel