POLS 206 Exam 3 Part 1(Congress)
Texas A&M University Lipsmeyer Spring 2015 Exam #3
Terms in this set (62)
Who directly affects government and who indirectly affects government?
representatives; us (the people)
How did the Founders set up the legislative branch to ensure that the representatives will hold the interests of the people?
- made the legislative branch the most powerful
-split into a bicameral system
4 Ways Congress is unique
for divided gov.
3. Congress has an unusual amount of power to create laws
4. Both houses are powerful
when different parties control different parts of the government
What is the result of divided government?
gridlock: when congress or the president disagree and nothing gets done
How does the divided government make us look to other countries?
Why is divided government not possible in parliamentary systems?
-main executive will be a member of the main party in legislature; legislature chooses main executive
Early elections in Parliament
-when everything is going well for them, they call early elections to stay in power longer
Risk of early elections in Parliament
the longer you wait , the riskier it is to have a guarantee to stay in power
Parliaments rely on what branch to write up bills and how is this different from us?
executive; our congress can ignore our executive and write up whatever they want
How are our houses different from other countries?
-we elect upper house and lower house
-both our houses are powerful
-in other countries, their upper house is weaker
-both houses in our system can veto
The house is the "___" and the senate is the "___".
Fed 62: Senatorial Trust
-senate should not be passionate but stable
-reason why their terms are longer
Does Congress look like us?
How is the nation similar and different from members of Congress (descriptive rep.)?
-Religion is similar
-Race, occupation, education, age , and gender are not equally represented in congress
If representation is descriptive...
certain groups are more represented than others
Delegate Model of Representation(Paine)
you elect someone and that person should be doing what YOU want
Trustee Model (Madison)
elect someone for their expertise
little problems that people bring to congress
Why is casework so important?
helps you get re-elected
Casework is not:
anything that has to do with a community; casework is
Why do people generally not like Congress?
-they only like their OWN reps
What does the Constitution tell us about leadership in government?
-they are very vague, but each house is going to decide its leadership structure
The House chooses a ______ to be the main person in charge.
The Senate's leader is ______ but most work is done by the ________.
Vice president; President Pro Temp.
Who is the President Pro. Temp. in the Senate?
the person who has been there the longest
Real leadership for the House and the Senate comes from ...
each party has a giant meeting to which they decide their leaders
Who is guaranteed the Speaker in HoR?
What is a whip?
communication system for the party (in the House), to keep track of everyone.
Why is House leadership very important and who is most important?
they have much more people than the senate; whips
How does Congress do their work?
Committees matter mostly in the _____. Why?
House; size of the House
organized work forces
How do you get a good committee assignment?
parties: each party has a Committee on Committees, has to do with seniority
4 types of committees
-deals with bills
-do most of the work
-typically on taxation
-combine members from house and the Senate
-very few of them and long lasting
-created for a
-created to deal with 2 different version of the sam bill and reconcile them to become 1 bill
95% of bills die in the _______.
The bill has to be what to make it through
-exactly the same
where they make changes to the bill
markup is open, you can watch them debate the bill, except for national security issues
Who writes up bills?
the house members
Only _____ can propose Senate bills.
decide on what rules the bill will follow while on the floor
much discussion about the bill, amendments, very open (in you are in favor of the bill , you dont want this)
limited discussion and debate, amendments must be
why are amendments so important?
the more amendments, the more people are going to vote against it
What does it mean when a bill is on the calendar?
determines when it will be discussed on the floor
Who determines when the bill goes onto the calendar?
talking a bill to death
why do filibusters work?
as long as someone is talking, no other work can be done, senate will be at a stand-still
vote to cloture
if you vote yes- voting to end ALL discussion and just vote
-need 3/5 of the senates votes
try to create a version of the bill (committee report) that will pass through the house and the senate
Once the president receives the bill, how long does he have to make a decision?
240 hours... (10 days);)
What are the 4 different decisions the president can do once he has received a bill?
1. sign it
2. veto it
4. pocket veto
If the president doesn't make a decision on the new bill within the ten days,what happens to the bill?
if congress is in session -> becomes law
if congress is not in session -> pocket veto
How can congress override a pocket veto?
they cant, they can only start from scratch and make a whole new bill
How can congress override a normal veto?
congress gets 2/3 of both houses to agree on overriding the veto