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Arts and Humanities
Theology Q/A for Final
Terms in this set (106)
What is Monotheism?
it is the belief in one God.
What three major religions are monotheistic?
Judaism, Christians, Islam.
What does it mean that the three Divine Persons are united?
What does it mean that they are distinct?
It means they are all inseparable in what they are and what they do.
It means each each Divine Person is fully God-complete, whole. and entire.
What evidence do the Scriptures offer for the existence of the Trinity?
In the New Testament: Luke's Gospel, Jesus, "rejoiced in the Holy Spirit" (10:21), stating that "no one knows who the Son is except the Father,and who the Father is except the Son" (10:22)
What do we acknowledge when we profess that the First Person of the Trinity is Father?
We acknowledge that he is the source of all life; that all creation exists because of God.
What is the role of the Holy Spirit as the advocate for Christians throughout time?
What are the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit?
Wisdom, Understanding, Counsel, Fortitude, Knowledge, Piety, Fear of the Lord
What difficult tasks did the early Church face in safeguarding the apostolic faith?
articulating the doctrine about the Trinity and about Jesus and about defending those truths against those who challenged them
What were the two main types of heresies about Jesus in the early Church?
Arianism, and Nestorianism
Why do we use the title "Mother of God" to refer to Mary?
She brought the presence of God into the world in a way no one else could. Because she is the mother of Jesus, she is also the mother of God.
What did the Council of Nicaea declare about Jesus?
What belief about Jesus was the Council Defending?
that Jesus is truly God.
What did the Council of Chalcedon affirm about the relationship of the human and divine natures in Jesus?
his two natures are undivided and inseperable. Jesus is 100% human and 100% divine.
Why do the Catholics say the Nicene Creed at certain liturgical celebrations?
it underscores our unity as one community of faith. proffession of faith.
What are some of the key doctrines of the Catholic faith that the Nicene Creed states?
* The Creed expresses a Trinitarian faith in God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
* The Creed identifies Jesus' birth, death, Resurrection, and Ascension as key events in our salvation.
*The Creed states the four "marks" or characteristics of the Church: the Church is one, holy, catholic, and apostolic.
*The Creed affirms belief in the resurrection of the dead and in the Last Judgement.
If we could know about God through our own reason and observation, why did God make Revelation available to us?
so we can learn about God in events and experiences of our daily lives, the order and beauty of the natural world, the lives of the saints and other believers, and the wonderous abilities of our human intellect and reason.
Throughout history humans have been seeking God. Why do we have that inborn tendency?
the desire for God is written in the human heart. we have been created to be in communion with God. we have a built in longing to be a part of this bond between humanity and divinity.
What is salvation history?
the pattern of specific events in human history in which God clearly reaveals his presence and saving actions.
In what ways is God's loving plan in history fulfilled in the incarnation?
What sources of information can help to assure us that God really exists?
Given that faith is a sure and certain gift of God to believe in him, why should we try to use our reason to reach him?
Our reason and intellect can nourish our faith in Gods existence, for "a more penetrating knowledge will in turn call forth a greater faith"
What is theodicy?
What are the key elements of the Catholic approach of theodicy?
human attempts to answer this age old question.
Our world is far from perfect, redemptive suffering, the paschal mystery, & we see only partially
What is significant about Christianity's being rooted in Judaism?
christians enrich their faith lives through familiarity with the stories, characters, and themes of the Old Testament.
Explain how the Gospels developed.
They developed through the Evangelists. The Evangelists chose the teachings, parables, and miracles of Jesus that would be most useful for nurturing the faith of the communities for who they were writing. THe Evangelists actively worked to spread the Gospel of Jesus
What criteria did the early Church Fathers use to determine which books formed the canon of the New Testament?
* The writer was an Apostle or close associated of an Apostle
* The writing was used by many different church communities in their prayer and worship
* The content reflected and supported the Church's beliefs about Jesus' identity and mission.
Name the two primary ways the Church passes on Revelation and explain how these ways are related.
Through Scripture and Tradition. They both come from God, so they are not separate or contradictory.
Explain the difference between Tradition with a capital T and tradition with a small t.
T: is the process of passing on God's authoritative Revelation in the Church. Tradition is a living process
t: refers to a custom. tradition can be changed.
What is the attitude of the church toward other religions?
they do not show a bad attitude because these ecumenical and interfaith efforts are an essential part of their mission
What can we learn from the lives of the saints?
How can they help us?
they are living with God in Heaven.
we can ask them to pray with us and for us.
What did Saint Ignatius of Loyola mean when he said to seek to "find God in all things"?
he meant that every experience of our lives can make us aware of Gods presence if we devote time and energy to reflecting on our experiences.
Why is Communal prayer important?
because it is central to our Catholic identity-especially Eucharistic Liturgy.
Why is their no real disagreement between faith and science?
They are both gifts to us from God. God brought the universe into being is a key religious truth, but science can inform us as to how this may have been accomplished
How can we use God's gift of intellect to know God better?
by learning the history of Church teachings, and engage in other intellectual efforts related to the faith.
Why does Sacred Scripture use such a wide variety of images to represent God?
because no single image could ever fully express what God is. Our human words always fall short of the mystery of God.
What is the incarnation?
"the fact that the Son of God assumed a human nature in order to accomplish our salvation in it"
What is the significance of the Incarnation for us?
That the Son of God actually came in the flesh to save us from sin and death.
What is Mary's role in the incarnation?
to be Mary of Nazareth, the Blessed Mother.
Define Theotokos and explain the significance of this term.
Mother of God. It is a title of honor the Church bestowed on Mary.
Jesus come to fulfill, not to replace, the Law God gave to the Israelites. What does this mean?
perfects the law, reveals its ultimate meaning, and redeems any sins people had committed against it.
Describe two unique roles that Jesus, as God made flesh, fulfills.
Reveals God the Father to us, and that Jesus is the one and only mediator between humanity and God.
How do the Gospels help us to understand Jesus' religious life as a faithful Jew?
It helps us understand that Jesus' religious life was that of a Jew obedient to the law of God
What does it mean to call Jesus "Lord" and "Redeemer"?
that all the honor, glory, and reverence we offer o God the Father are die to Jesus as well.
Describe the significance of Pentecost for the Church.
THe Church became Christ's presence in the world.
The Church is both the means and the goal of God's saving plan. What does this mean?
It means: After Jesus had inaugurated the Church and all his work on earth was completed, the Holy spirit was sent to pour forth gifts upon the Church so that she can continue Jesus' mission of announcing the Good News and making disciples.
What are the four characteristics, or marks, of the Church?
What does each tell us about the Church?
The Church is one, holy, catholic, and apostolic.
The Church is the body of Christ.
What three categories are often used to classify the Seven Sacraments?
* the Sacraments of Christian Initiation
* the Sacraments of Healing
* the Sacraments at the Service of Communion
How do the Sacraments bring the saving action of Christ into our lives?
each allow us to experience Jesus' ongoing presence with his body, the Church.
Name four ways Jesus is present in a celebration of the Eucharistic Liturgy.
Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension
What does the Catholic doctrine of the Real Presence mean?
that the elements still taste and look like bread and wine, but they are actually the Body and Blood of Jesus.
What is the Magisterium?
the official teaching voice of the Catholic Church.
What are the vocations through which Christians share in the ministry of Christ?
ordained ministry, concentrated life, and a member of the laity.
What does it mean the human beings are made in God's image?
it means we have a fundamental dignity and we are predestined to reproduce the image of God's Son made man, the "image of the invisible God"
How is Jesus a model of full humanity for us?
humility, prayer, and poverty.
Describe the gifts of intellect and free will and explain how God wants us to use them.
intellect: we have the capacity to think and reason logically and to learn about the world around us.
free will: gift of freedom. God cannot force us to act a certain way.
God wants us to use them to think and create new things and to live in harmony with other people and with all creation.
How did Jesus model love for us?
he loved by seeking out those whom society had excluded and forgotten. he loved people with little power, influence, or worldly success. he loved others through his death.
How does Jesus want us to love?
He wants u to choose to love, choose to seek out good, even at the expense of our own comfort or sometimes even our own lives. He even wants us to choose to love even our enemies.
In what ways does stewardship describe the relationship humans are to have with the earth?
it reminds us that we are never to exploit creation or use it for our benefit only. It helps us to see the care of creation as a crucial part of our vocation.
What three basic truths are at the heart of human dignity?
1) we are created as good
2) we are in need of salvation
3) we are meant for eternal life in the glory of God's Holy presence.
God created humans good, so why do we need redemption?
because of the fall. In the fall, sin first entered the world, and it has been apart of our human life ever since.
What is significant in that a person is "not just something, but someone"?
we cannot treat people as objects or use them for our own purposes.
Describe how Jesus respected the dignity of others during his earthly ministry?
He respected it by treating every person he met with care and compassion. The people Jesus lived with commonly viewed Samaritans, Romans, and Canaanites with suspicion, but Jesus treated them with kindness, respect and concern.
How does Jesus restore what was lost through sin?
Because Jesus is the "image of the invisible God", we are "inwardly renewed" when we become like him.
Even though men and women are physically different, how are they created equal?
Equal in our dignity, in our rights, and in our capacity to be signs of God's presence in the world.
What is the consistent ethic of life?
we must respect human life in all forms.
Define abortion and euthanasia and explain why they are wrong.
abortion: the intentional termination of a pregnancy.
euthanasia: helping someone die. People who are disabled, sick or dying. Its like assisted suicide.
We must never determine the day or the hour when their earthly journey will be complete.
Where does the human desire for happiness come from?
"of divine origin" for "God has placed it in the human hearts" so because God is the source of this desire, God can truly fulfill it.
What do the Beatitudes tell us about happiness?
it does not lie in money, possessions, power of prestige.
What are the effects of the Sacrament of Baptism?
Reveals that we are able to become children of God. We receive sanctifying grace, and come to share in the life of the Blessed Trinity.
What is sanctifying grace?
a supernatural gift of God by which our sins are forgiven, we are made holy, and our friendship with God is restored.
In what ways is Jesus' Resurrection also about us?
We are baptized into Christ's death so that when we die, we may also share in his Resurrection.
What is heaven?
a state of eternal life and union with God, in which one experiences full happiness and satisfaction of the deepest human longings.
Why might our prayers seem to go unanswered at times?
God is not "an instrument to be used". Our prayer requests are not God's "to do" list to follow as we specified.
What is a parable?
stories that use metaphors based in daily life to convey religious truths.
What do the parables of the lost sheep, the lost coin, and the lost son tell us about the kingdom of God?
these stories show us that no matter how long we have been lost in sin or how far away we have strayed, its never too late to turn our hearts back toward God.
What does Jesus ask the rich man to do to inherit eternal life? Why?
asks the man to sell what he has and to give to the poor. because the mans possessions and wealth stand in the way of his further growth in holiness.
What are the Greatest Commandments?
Love the Lord, your God, with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. & You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
What do the first three commandments tell us about loving God?
first commandment: embraces faith, hope, and charity.
second commandment: we are to speak God's name only in reverence, love, and respect.
third commandment: respect sunday by participating in the celebration of the Eucharist.
At the Last Judgement, what is the standard by which all people will be judged?
we must actively love the poor if we want to enter his kingdom
What is the significance of Jesus' teaching the parable of the Sheep and the Goats shortly before his passion?
Sheep: serving the least, you serve Jesus.
Goats: ignoring the least, you ignore Jesus.
What are the works of mercy?
charitable actions by which we come to the aid of our neighbor
Why are faith and religion inseparable?
We express faith in our religious beliefs and practices. They are so closely connected that we cannot truly have one without the other. If we tried expressing faith without religion then faith would just slowly fade away.
Explain how its true that faith is both a gift from God and also rooted in human freedom?
Faith is a supernatural gift that God freely offers to us. through it we come to believe in and accept the truth God has revealed to us. None of us can make the decision to believe on our own; rather, its divine grace and the help of the Holy Spirit that makes our faith possible.
How can the generations of faithful men and women who have gone before us help us in our own faith?
What does it mean to be a disciple of Jesus?
* we seek to imitate Jesus' words and actions.
* we recognize and accept Jesus as the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity, the eternal son of God, who took on human flesh, died to liberate us from sin, and opened a new path to new life for us through his Resurrection.
What is evangelization?
to share our faith in Jesus Christ and the Good News of his life, death, and Resurrection.
What is a prayer of petition?
a prayer form in which you ask God for something you need.
What is an intercessory prayer?
a prayer form in which you ask God's help for other peoples needs; also called intercession.
What does the Lord's Prayer teach us about God?
it is clearly addressed to the First Person of the Blessed Trinity, it speaks of our belief in a Triune God. Also teaches us that Jesus revealed God the Father to us.
What does the Lord's prayer teach us about ourselves?
reminds us that as God's adopted children, we must speak and act in a way that is worthy of this dignity. praying this should develop in us the will to be like him and fosters in us a "humble and trusting heart"
what do Jesus' actions teach us about prayer?
that we need to make time to pray. prayer is the strong foundation on which all the other aspects of our lives can rest.
Why are the Eucharist and the Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation so crucial for Catholics?
So that we will confess serious sin once a year, celebrating this Sacrament more often gives us the chance to experience the consolation and healing of God's grace and mercy.
If only God can answer prayers, why do we pray to Mary and other saints?
We pray to them to ask them to intercede for us.
Why is Mary called the first disciple of Jesus?
she was among the first people to believe in him and to follow him as a disciple.
How is Mary a model of faith for us?
her faith led her to an active, free choice to cooperate with God's plan for our salvation.
How does the grace of Jesus' death and Resurrection empower us to resist sin and evil?
the grace gives us a new life that delivers us from the power of sin. When we believe in Jesus, we are strengthened to follow the example of his words and deeds.
Why is the Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation important?
they are important because it is a time where we confess sin and strengthen our life of faith.
What is Catholic Social Teaching?
The Church teachings that guide our efforts to creates more just and peaceful world
Describe the principles of CST.
a body of doctrine,which is articulated as the Church interprets events in the course of history, with the assistance of the Holy Spirit, in the light of the whole of what has been revealed by Jesus Christ.
Explain why faith in Jesus is our path to eternal life.
Jesus entrusted us with the same mission of evangelization as the original disciples. This witness may, in time, lead others to our faith in Jesus.
Define the Beatific Vision.
direct encounter and sight if God in the glory of heaven.
What is the mystical body of Christ?
The spiritual component of the Church.
What is the communion of Saints?
The union of all God's holy ones.
How did the death of Jesus change the death for all of us?
now our physical death allows us to share in the glory of his Resurrection.
Why is it good for us to keep in mind that death is inevitable?
We will not live on this earth forever. It helps us realize that we have only limited amount of time in which to bring our lives to fulfillment
What ideas and images can help us to have some understanding of heaven?
the idea of heaven stretches the limits of human imagination and language.
What is the relationship between hell and the gift of free will?
we have the freedom to do what ever we want so we have the choice to o bad things and go to hell.
What is the purpose of Purgatory?
it is for those who are ultimately destined for Heaven but who are not yet pure enough to enter it.
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