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Health Chapter 2
Terms in this set (40)
state of complete wellbeing, including physical, psychological, spiritual, & social dimensions
health is process of discovering, using, and protecting all the resources within our bodies, minds, spirits, families, communities, and environment. elements include
- a positive, optimistic, outlook
- sense of control over stress + worries
- freedom from pain or serious illness
- supportive friends + family, a nurturing/intimate relationship w/ someone you love
- a satisfying occupation
- a clean environment
a deliberate lifestyle choice characterized by personal responsibility & optimal enhancement of physical, mental, & spiritual health
dimensions of wellness
- a decision you make towards your optimal health
- a way of life that you design to achieve your highest potential
- an integration of body, mind, & spirit
- the belief that everything you do, think, & feel has an impact on your state of health
state of health / iceberg model of wellness
everyone can see by looking at you on the outside
what you eat, how you manage stress, how active you are, how you protect yourself, etc
(what people don't know)
things that knowingly + unknowingly influence us to choose a certain lifestyle
your reason for being, meaning for your life, your place on earth
unlike physical health, cannot be measured, tested, or dissected
psychologically healthy men & women generally share certain characteristics:
- they value themselves & strive towards happiness and fulfillment
- establish & maintain close relationships w/ others
- accept the limitations as well as the opportunities that life has to offer
- a sense of meaning & purpose that makes life worth living
encompasses both our emotional and mental states
feelings & thoughts
the ability to express and acknowledge one's feelings
characteristics of emotionally healthy persons:
- the determination & effort to be healthy
- flexibility & adaptability to a variety of circumstances
- developing a sense of meaning and affirmation for life
- an understanding that the self is not the center of the universe
- compassion for others
- the ability to be unselfish in serving or relating to others
- increased depth & satisfaction in intimate relationships
describes our ability to perceive reality as it is
a mentally healthy person...
doesn't try to avoid conflicts and distress but can cope with life's transitions, traumas, and losses in a way that allows for emotional stability and growth
characteristics of mental health:
- the ability to function & carry out responsibilities
- the ability to form relationships
- realistic perceptions of the motivations of others
- logical thought processes
- the ability to adapt to change & cope with adversity
the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices of a group that are internalized by individuals within the group
culture helps to define psychological health.
men and women may express feelings differently
a term used to evaluate the capacity of people to understand themselves and relate well with others
a person's IQ was once considered the leading predicator of achievement.
psychologists have now determined that other ways of learning makes an even greater difference in a person's personal and professional success.
knowing your needs...
as a baby you are unable to survive on your own. you depend on others for food, shelter, warmth, and protection, as well as for emotional needs. in growing to maturity, children take on more responsibility and become more independent. no one, however, becomes self-sufficient. as adults, we recognize our basic physical needs, but we often fail to acknowledge our emotional needs.
Maslow Pyramid of Emotional Needs
wanted to understand what motivates people. believed that people possess a set of motivation systems unrelated to rewards or unconscious desires
fulfillment of one's potential
respect for self, and to be respected by others
love and affection
the ability to give and receive affection, feeling of belonging
safety and security
ability to protect from harm
fulfillment of needs for food, water, shelter, sleep, and sexual expression
confidence and satisfaction in oneself
the power of self esteem
each of us wants and needs to feel significant as a human being with unique talents, abilities and roles in life. a sense of self esteem, or belief or pride in ourselves:
- gives us confidence to dare to attempt to achieve at school or work
- reach out to others to form friendships & close relationships
self esteem beliefs
- you're worth it
- you can do it
- you're ok
self esteem is not based on external factors like wealth or beauty, but on what you believe about yourself
it's not something you are born with, but rather it develops over time. not something anyone can give to you, but those around you can either help boost or diminish your self esteem.
changes over time in how individuals view the world and what they expect to experience in the future
the key is disputing the automatic negative thoughts that flood our brains and choosing to believe in our own abilities
the tendency to seek out, remember, and expect pleasurable experiences
feeling in control
although no one has absolute control over destiny we can do a great deal to control how we think, feel, and behave. by assessing life situations realistically, we can make plans and preparations that allow us to make the most of our circumstances.
a goal many people strive for is autonomy, or independence. both family and society influence our ability to grow towards independence.
for autonomous people their locus of control is where they view control as originating internally rather externally
ability to draw on internal resources, independence from family and societal influences
autonomous people are true to themselves
locus of control
an individual's belief about sources of power, and influence over his or her life
being assertive means recognizing your feelings and making your needs and desires clear to others. unlike aggression, as far less healthy means of expression, assertiveness usually works.
you can change a situation that you don't like by communicating your feelings and thoughts into non-provocative words, by focusing on specifics.
behaving in a confident manner to make your needs an desires clear to others in a non-hostile way
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