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87 terms

Geography Final

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following was the first highly developed country in East Asia, significantly ahead of any other East Asian state in its level of economic development?
Japan
The ancient Chinese city of _______ is seen by the Chinese as having eclipsed Rome as center of sophistication.
Xian
The country that has functioned as a buffer state between Russia and China is:
Mongolia
The Chinese name for the Yellow River is the:
Huang He
The primate city and capital of South Korea is:
Seoul
The Long March was a series of battles and retreats conducted by Communist Party forces led by _____________.
Mao Zedong
The __________ was a Chinese program that reorganized agricultural peasants to encourage industrialization but ultimately resulted in a disrupted food production that caused over 20 million to die of starvation.
Great Leap Forward
Which of the following was NOT a result of the One-Child Policy in China?
An increased preference for female children
he most populated Southeast Asian nation is:
Indonesia
In 1898, the Spanish were replaced as colonial leaders in the Philippines by the:
Americans
The dominant religion of both Indonesia and Malaysia is:
Islam
Which city was the capital of South Vietnam before the 1976 reunification of the country?
Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City)
The country that historically was called Siam is now known as:
Thailand
Which of the following rivers provides Myanmar (Burma) with its chief internal water route?
Irrawaddy
Which city is located closest to Southeast Asia's vitally important Strait of Malacca?
Singapore
he Indonesian island of ________ is one of the world's most densely settled and intensively cultivated areas.
Jawa
The Indonesian portion of the island of ________ is known as Papua.
New Guinea
During the reign of Pol Pot in __________, the Khmer Rouge killed as many as 2 million people.
Cambodia
On December 26, 2004, nearly 300,000 people in coastal areas surrounding the Indian Ocean died from this kind of natural disaster:
Tsunami
This island is divided between the countries of Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei:
Borneo
Which of the following is an example of an elongated state:
Vietnam
Southeast Asia's only landlocked country is:
Laos
This country seceded from Malaysia in 1965 and used a focus on international banking, communications and tourism to become one of the world's wealthiest states:
Singapore
The largest city in Australia is:
Sydney
The major core of population is located on ______ portion of the Australian continent.
east and southeast coast
Which of these is NOT a state of the Australian federal government system?
New Zealand
Australia's agriculture has long been known for its tremendous herds of:
Sheep
The largest urban area in New Zealand is:
Auckland
The topography of New Zealand can be generalized as:
Rugged mountains
By signing a treaty with the British in 1840, this group has managed to maintain a strong legal standing in New Zealand:
Maori
_________ forces tie a nation together.
Centripetal
A country that was divided into two political units after World War II was:
Germany
Which of the following European countries is landlocked?
Switzerland
Which of the following is not a portion of the United Kingdom?
Republic of Ireland
Which of the following is not a Nordic country?
Malta
The European region that has undergone the greatest political changes in recent years is:
Eastern Europe
The __________ built an empire that stretched around the Mediterranean Sea, founding cities and connecting much of Europe with a durable system of roads and aqueducts.
Romans
Which of the following were NOT brought to Europe by the Roman Empire?
Cyrillic alphabet
The first country to experience the Industrial Revolution was
The United Kingdom
A majority of immigrants moving to Europe are followers of:
Islam
The chief political and economic architect of the 1917 Russian Revolution that created the Soviet Union was:
Lenin
Which of the following is not a former Soviet Socialist Republic?
Georgia
Which of the following physiographic subdivisions contains the national heartland (and Moscow)?
the Russian Plain
The modern Russian state, which began as a forest-based empire launched by Czar Ivan the Terrible, was centered in the city of:
Leningrad
Russia today is governed by a _________ system.
federal
The ________ River is most closely associated with the region known as the Povolzhye.
Volga
Which of the following cities is located closest to the Kuzbas Region?
Novosibirsk
The region your textbook refers to as "Russia's Freezer" is:
Siberia
An island with significant oil potential that may prove to change the economic geography of the Russian Far East is
Sakhalin
Remote prisons in the Russian wilderness, used during Soviet times to house political prisoners, were known as:
Gulags
A city built by Czar Peter the Great, designed as a westward military presence, is today known as:
St. Petersburg
This policy of the Soviet Empire resulted in substantial ethnic Russian minorities still existent in non-Russian, now independent republics.
Russification
Which of the following cities is NOT considered to be part of the Russian core?
Vladivostok
The United States is approximately _________ times larger than Canada in terms of population.
10
The major mountain chain of the eastern United States is the:
Appalachians
Which of the following cities is not located on one of the Great Lakes?
Pittsburgh
Blacks today constitute about ______ percent of the United States' population.
13
Which city is located closest to the Canadian capital of Ottawa?
Toronto
About ___ percent of Quebec's population speaks French as a first language.
80
Which of the following is not a corner city of the American Manufacturing Belt?
St. Louis
Which state is located in the U.S. Corn Belt?
Iowa
Which city bills itself as the "Gateway to Latin America"?
Miami
. The Pacific Hinge is called a "hinge" because:
it represents a gateway to Asia and the Pacific Rim
An example of a "rain shadow effect," where air is dried by being lifted over mountainous landforms, can be found in what area of North America?
The Great Lakes
Which city is generally NOT considered to be a part of Megalopolis?
Buffalo
One effect of inner-city revitalization is _________, which improves crumbling neighborhoods but also displaces low-income residents.
Gentrification
Two former colonial entities (one Portuguese, the other British, respectively) that reunited with China during the late 1990s are:
Macau and Hong Kong
Which of the following is false concerning the western interior of China?
much of the area is a flat plain
The country of the "people of Han" is:
China
The Han Dynasty:
was a pivotal and formative period in Chinese history, when the Chinese sphere of influence was enlarged, land reform occurred, and external trade commenced
Mao Zedong's proclamation creating the communist People's Republic of China was announced in:
1949
China's largest city is:
Shanghai
China's current population is closest to:
1.1 billion
Discuss linkages between East Asia's physiography and (1) the densely populated core of eastern China, as well as (2) China's sparsely populated interior.
(1) Rich alluvial valleys in the east make for productive farming, as does the region's wetter, and (in places) its milder climate. (2) China's interior is far drier than its eastern core due to the drying effects that the region's mountainous uplands have on moisture-laden air masses from the south.
Explain why China's Mao Zedong opposed population control during the middle decades of the twentieth century. Describe China's population policy today, noting both its success and its negative consequences.
Mao believed that a large population was critical to the success of young communist countries, and that population control initiatives were a western, capitalist attempt to undermine communist countries. China's one-child policy, enacted in 1979 limits families to one child under penalty of increased taxes, loss of housing, or other punishments, though there are exceptions made for some rural families, and more recently for some urban families. While this policy has slowed population growth in China considerably, it has also brought a rise in selective and non-selective abortions and infanticide, particularly in the case of girls. Consequently, the gap between numbers of men and women in China is growing.
Explain the reason for the existence and persistence of the division between North and South Korea.
Following World War II and the defeat of Korea's occupiers, the Japanese, the Korean peninsula was divided for reasons of post-war administration between the Soviet-managed north and the US-managed south. The Korean War tested and ultimately reaffirmed that boundary as the division between two distinct countries.
Earthquakes are always devastating to population centers, both in terms of property destruction and loss of life. Yet Tokyo is particularly vulnerable to the risks associated with its next large earthquake. Why do some predict that Tokyo's next "big one" will be so terribly catastrophic? Reasons: population, economics, urban structures,
Reasons include the following: (1) Compared to past earthquakes in and around Tokyo, the city and its population are far bigger. (2) The city is both a national and international economic hub, amplifying the potential economic consequences of an earthquake. (3) Ruptures along its now-extensive system of underground gas lines raise the risk of widespread fires. (4) Many of its buildings are built on fill, which unlike solid rock is subject to considerable movement during earthquakes (liquefaction), leading to the collapse of greater numbers of buildings.
The funnel-shaped connection between North America and South America, extending from Mexico through Panama to Colombia, is an example of:
a land bridge
The core area of the Aztec state was located in the:
Valley of Mexico
Which of the following islands exhibits a British colonial heritage?
Jamaica
The island containing Haiti and the Dominican Republic is known as:
Hispaniola
The Yucatán Peninsula is part of the country of:
Mexico
Which of the following countries contains the heart of the ancient Mayan empire?
Guatemala
This kind of agricultural settlement, found in the rimland of Spanish Middle America, specializes in the production of a commercial crop, and is hence vulnerable to fluctuations in world market prices.
Hacienda
American-owned factories located near the U.S.-Mexico border, but on the Mexican side to take advantage of cheap labor and free trade offered by NAFTA are acalled:
Maquiladoras
The most stable Democratic republic in Central America is:
Panama
The attitudinally controlled climate zone found between 750 m (2500 ft) and 1800 m (6000 ft) holds the largest populaton clusters in Middle and South America. This zone is known as the:
Tierra Templada