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Final Exam Study Guide 2016 Part 1

STUDY
PLAY
Line
An element of art that is used to define space, contours, and outlines, or suggest mass and volume. It may be a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed tool or implied by the edges of shapes and forms.
Shape
this is created when a line becomes connected and enloses space. These can be geometic or organic. A square or circle.
Form
This is a shape that has become 3-dimensional. An example is a Cube or cylinder.
Elements of art
Line, Shape, form, color, value, space, and texture. The building blocks the artist works with to create an artwork.
Direct Observation
The best way to learn to draw
Value
An element of art concerned with the degree of lightness of colors.
Texture
The surface quality of an artwork whether implied or actual.
Perspective
The representation of three-dimensional objects on a flat surface to produce the same impression of distance and relative size as that received by the human eye.
Hatching
Shading using closely spaced, parallel lines, used to suggest light and shadow.
Composition
The act of organizing the elements of an artwork into a harmoniously unified whole.
Color
An art element with three properties: hue, value, and intensity. Also, the character of surfaces created by the response of vision to wavelengths of reflected light.
Aesthetic
The theory of perceiving and enjoying something for its beauty and pleasurable qualities.
Aerial perspective
The diminishing of color intensity to lighter and duller hues to give the illusion of distance.
Balance:
A principle of design referring to the arrangement of visual elements to create stability in an artwork.
Contrast
A principle of design that refers to differences between elements such as color, texture, value, and shape.
Complementary colors
Two colors that are directly opposite of each other on the color wheel, meaning they are in extreme contrast with each other.
Emphasis
A principle of design in which one element or a combination of elements create more attraction than anything else in a composition. The dominate element is the focal point in a composition and contributes to unity by suggesting that other elements are subordinate to it.
Foreground
The area of a picture that appears to be the closest to the viewer.
Medium
The materials, such as oil, watercolor, acrylic, etc., used to create an artwork: or a category of art such as drawing, painting, or sculpture.
Principles of design
Unity, variety, emphasis, rhythm, movement, balance, pattern, and proportion. The effects that may result when the art elements are structured to achieve a successful composition.
Pattern
The repetition of elements in a recognizable organization.
Overlapping
A technique in which the artist creates the illusion of depth by placing one object in front of another
Photography
The art of making photographs for fine art, how people respond to it, and how it relates to our lives.
Positive Space
The enclosed areas or objects in an artwork. They may suggest recognizable objects or nonrepresentational shapes.
Primary colors
The three basic colors from which it is possible to mix all other colors.
Rhythm
A principle of design that refers to ways of combining elements to produce the appearance of movement in an artwork.
Variety
A principle of design concerned with the inclusion of differences in the elements of a composition to offset unity and add interest to an artwork.
Glaze
A thin coating of minerals that gives the surface a glass-like quality. Used in painting and ceramics.
Vanishing Point
A point on the eye-level line / horizon line, toward which parallel lines are made to recede and meet in perspective drawing.
Unity
A principle of design related to the sense of wholeness that results from the successful combination of the component elements of an artwork.
Tint
A lighter value of a hue made by adding a small amount of color to it.
Edvard Munch "The Scream"
Photography
The art of making photographs for fine art or commercial purposes.
Pastel
A chalky, colored crayon consisting of pigment and adhesive gum. Also, paintings done with cuch crayons.
Symmetrical Balance
A balance arrangement in which the parts of a composition are organized so that one side duplicates or mirrors the other.
Asymmetrical Balance
A feeling of balance attained when the visual units on either side of a vertical axis are actually different but are placed in the composition to create a " felt" balance of total artwork.
Art Criticism
A systematic discussion of characteristics of an artwork, usually involving four stages: description, analysis, interpretation, and evaluation.
Primary Colors
Red, Yellow, Blue
Proportion
A design principle reflecting the size relationship of parts to one another and to a whole.
Secondary Colors
Colors that result from a mixture of two primary colors. On the twelve-color wheel, orange, green, and violet.
Pattern
The repetition of the elements or combinations in a recognizable organization.
Shade
Variations in the dark and light of color made by adding black to the color.
Shape
An element of art. Enclosed space defined by other art elements such as line, color, and texture.
Overlapping
A technique in which the artist creates the illusion of depth by placing one object in front of another.
Variety
A principle of design concerned with the inclusion of differences in the elements of composition to offset unity and add interest to an artwork.
Painting
Artworks made of colored powers mixed with a liquid. Some media include: watercolor, tempera, oil, acrylic, and fresco.
What are the elements of art?
Line, Color, Shape, Form, Value, Texture, and Space
Renoir "Luncheon of the Boating Party"
Vincent Van Gogh "Starry Night"
Rembrandt "Night Watch"

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
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