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COLD WAR 1950s - TEST
Terms in this set (23)
Soviet Union Tests Atomic Bomb
Describe: The soviets created their first atomic bomb
Significance/Impact: Other world powers increased their stockpile.
Describe: The boundary dividing Europe in two. Soviet States vs. Western Europe.
Significance/Impact: Nobody knew what was on the other side and how to handle communism.
Describe: British and American planes began making deliveries to West Berlin by taking planes and dropping supplies over Stalin's roadblocks.
Significance/Impact: Showed how dedicated US was to supporting anybody threatened by communism.
Describe: War Between North and South Korea
Significance/Impact: Ended in ceasefire at the 38th parallel.
Describe: USSR and US compete to be first in space.
Significance/Impact: USSR won by putting Sputnik I into space.
Describe: Fear that communism is spreading; America was afraid.
Significance/Impact: Extreme paranoial caused many to be wrongly accused.
Describe: Negative catchword for extreme, reckless charges of disloyalty.
Significance/Impact: Showed the fear of communism.
Describe: Charged with conspiring to pass secret information about nuclear science to Soviet agents.
Significance/Impact: The intensity of the Red Scare
Plessy v. Ferguson
Describe: A court case that named separate but equal as constitutional.
Significance/Impact: Ever since protests have occurred to abolish the decision.
Brown vs. Board of Education
Describe: Brown took discrimination in a public school which made its way to the supreme court.
Significance/Impact: Banned segregation in public schools.
Little Rock Nine
Describe: Integrate central high school where 9 students had to be escorted by National Guard
Significance/Impact: President is going to overpower state rights.
Rosa Parks and Montgomery Bus Boycott
Describe: Rosa Parks sat in white only section and boycotted the bussing system.
Significance/Impact: Forced to integrate bus system.
Greensboro Sit In
Describe: Sitting in on white only diners wanting to be served.
Significance/Impact: Ignited the movement of integration.
Describe: 7 blacks and 6 whites basically switch roles on public buses and restrooms. Turned with violent response.
Significance/Impact: Drew attention and gained support for civil rights.
Campaigns in Burmingham
Describe: MLK speech, asking for civil rights act, peaceful.
Significance/Impact: Helped pass the Civil Rights Act 1964
March on Washington
Describe: Little kids went to jail, huge protests, turned violent.
Significance/Impact: Forced government towards Civil Rights Act and shocked the nation with violence
Civil Rights Act 1964
Describe: Discrimination was illegal in any public establishment. Drew up by Kennedy, signed by Johnson.
Significance/Impact: Signed by Johnson.
Describe: Blacks attempted to register as voters.
Significance/Impact: Were denied and gained support for voting rights.
March on Selma
Describe: Planned march into Montgomery, which was the most segregated city on the Edmund Pettus Bridge.
Significance/Impact: Huge step towards integration, led to Civil Rights Act, and wanted voting rights.
Voting Rights Act 1965
Describe: Prohibits racial discrimination in voting.
Significance/Impact: Allowed African Americans to secure their long wanted voting rights.
What is containment and give examples or it in the 1950s?
Contain communism within its borders. NATO, Korean War, Truman Doctrine, Berlin Airlift, and the Marshall Plan.
Describe the buildup of nuclear weapons in the United States and USSR. Why was this so dangerous, how did it change modern warfare?
Race to see who can have the largest supply of nuclear weapons which led to mutually assured destruction; brinkmanship.
Describe the major goals of the Civil Rights Movement. Were they accomplished? How?
End segregation and secure voting rights. Yes, through the 24th amendment, Civil Rights Act of 1964. Motivated by Freedom Summer, March on Washington, and Selma March.
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