37 terms

middle ages vocabulary

early middle ages feudal society rise of towns and trade prentice hall world history
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Clovis
First of Germanic kings to unify the tribe.
Middle Ages
500-1500
political, social, economic decline
(beginning of middle ages was the end of roman empire)
Medieval
the middle age's culture is called medieval civilization, from the Latin words for "Middle Age"
Franks
Disorganized Germanic tribe (king clovis)
no written records, written laws, or cities
Muslims
believers in Islam
created a new civilization and built a huge and expanding empire (600's)
Charles Martel
Rallied Frankish warriors against Muslim army at the battle of tours
Battle of Tours
732, Christian warriors, led by Charles Martel, won and believed God was on their side.
Charlemagne
grandson of Charles Martel
Known as Charles
His name means Charles the Great
reunited empire across France, Italy, Germany
Magyars
900, a new wave of nomadic people
overran eastern Europe
Vikings
known for fierce ways of fighting
expert sailors of Scandinavia
Feudalism
loosely organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords
Lords
owned lands, powerful
upper nobility
Vassals
lesser lords who pledged service and loyalty to the greater lord
Feudal contract
political and legal relationship between lords and vassals
exchange of pledges (custom and tradition-not written down)
Fief
lords granted an ESTATE to vassals
few acres to hundred of square miles
Aristocrats
Members of nobility
upper class
Knights
mounted warrior
on horse
Tournaments
mock battles to train for battle
Castles
made for defense.
many people
lasting supplies
drawbridge, moat, towers
siege= a certain way to capture enemy castle
Role of Women
knew how to spin, weave, supervise servants, and bear children
rights were restricted
took care of manor when man was gone
Chivalry
Late middle ages, knights adopted a code of conduct called _____.
_______ required knights to be brave, loyal, and true to their word. fight fairly. protect the weak
Troubadours
wandering musicians
sang about brave deeds of knights and their devotion to their loves
Manor
lord's estate
heart of medieval economy
Serfs
bound to land
most peasants on a manor
Agricultural Revolution
dramatic changes in Europe by 1000 set the foundation for economic prosperity
peasants adopted new farming technology
Crop Rotation (3 field system)
2 fields were planted 1 was not
after the 2 fields were harvested the fields were "rotated"
one field got a "break"
Charter
written document that set out the rights and privileges of the town
Partnerships
groups of merchants pooled their funds to finance large-scale ventures. made capital more available
start-up money for business
Insurance
for a small fee, an underwriter insured the merchants ship
if the shipment was lost or destroyed the underwriter paid the merchant most of its value
if the goods arrived safely the merchant only had to pay the ______ payment.
to reduce risks
Credit
writing that would be given to banker to receive money (check)
Commercial Revolution
new business practices
transformed medieval economy
use of money increased
Tenant Farmers
peasants who paid rent for their land
Middle Class
class of nobles to peasants
Guilds
associations formed by merchants and artisans
pass laws, make town improvements, increase wages
Apprentice
trainee
Journeyman
salaried workers
paid full wage (trained)
capital
money for investment that stimulated the growth of banking houses