middle ages vocabulary
early middle ages feudal society rise of towns and trade prentice hall world history
Terms in this set (37)
First of Germanic kings to unify the tribe.
political, social, economic decline
(beginning of middle ages was the end of roman empire)
the middle age's culture is called medieval civilization, from the Latin words for "Middle Age"
Disorganized Germanic tribe (king clovis)
no written records, written laws, or cities
believers in Islam
created a new civilization and built a huge and expanding empire (600's)
Rallied Frankish warriors against Muslim army at the battle of tours
Battle of Tours
732, Christian warriors, led by Charles Martel, won and believed God was on their side.
grandson of Charles Martel
Known as Charles
His name means Charles the Great
reunited empire across France, Italy, Germany
900, a new wave of nomadic people
overran eastern Europe
known for fierce ways of fighting
expert sailors of Scandinavia
loosely organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords
owned lands, powerful
lesser lords who pledged service and loyalty to the greater lord
political and legal relationship between lords and vassals
exchange of pledges (custom and tradition-not written down)
lords granted an ESTATE to vassals
few acres to hundred of square miles
Members of nobility
mock battles to train for battle
made for defense.
drawbridge, moat, towers
siege= a certain way to capture enemy castle
Role of Women
knew how to spin, weave, supervise servants, and bear children
rights were restricted
took care of manor when man was gone
Late middle ages, knights adopted a code of conduct called _____.
_______ required knights to be brave, loyal, and true to their word. fight fairly. protect the weak
sang about brave deeds of knights and their devotion to their loves
heart of medieval economy
bound to land
most peasants on a manor
dramatic changes in Europe by 1000 set the foundation for economic prosperity
peasants adopted new farming technology
Crop Rotation (3 field system)
2 fields were planted 1 was not
after the 2 fields were harvested the fields were "rotated"
one field got a "break"
written document that set out the rights and privileges of the town
groups of merchants pooled their funds to finance large-scale ventures. made capital more available
start-up money for business
for a small fee, an underwriter insured the merchants ship
if the shipment was lost or destroyed the underwriter paid the merchant most of its value
if the goods arrived safely the merchant only had to pay the ______ payment.
to reduce risks
writing that would be given to banker to receive money (check)
new business practices
transformed medieval economy
use of money increased
peasants who paid rent for their land
class of nobles to peasants
associations formed by merchants and artisans
pass laws, make town improvements, increase wages
paid full wage (trained)
money for investment that stimulated the growth of banking houses
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