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Chapter 8 Nutrition

Terms in this set (89)

-Fresh, unprocessed foods are the most nutritious and most desirable choices.
-food served directly after purchasing or picking is the most flavorful and nutritious
-Encourage mothers to select foods that are grown without, or with a minimum amount, of pesticides and heavy metals such as lead and mercury—substances that are stored in their fatty tissue and later enter into their milk.
-limiting their intake of freshwater fish and animal fats and by washing all fruits and vegetables thoroughly.
-Removing the skin of fresh fruits and vegetables robs them of much of their nutrients and fiber.
-Read food labels that provide nutritional information that assists shoppers in healthy food selection,
-Food labels also identify additives such as sugar, salt, preservatives, flavoring, and coloring
-Package labels offer information on the percentage of the recommended daily allowances of nutrients the food provides as well
-Be aware that chemical additives that color the food, enhance flavor, or preserve freshness may alter the nutritional quality
-handling and preserving techniques can alter food quality
Ex: mushrooms may be bleached, and other vegetables may be treated with fungicides to retard mold growth
- Some foods, such as peppers, cucumbers, and tomatoes, are waxed to preserve their freshness during long transport and storage times. Other foods, such as some oranges, are colored to enhance their visual appeal.
-Washing with water and mild dish detergent can reduce pesticide residues in fruits and many vegetables
- vegetarian diet that includes animal products such as milk and eggs can easily supply the pregnant or lactating woman with the nutrients needed to support her body functions and provide for the healthy growth of her baby.
-a balanced vegetarian diet may be more healthful than a meat-based diet. Vegetarians consume more volume and fiber with fewer calories and fats, thereby aiding digestion and decreasing the likelihood of accumulating excess weight.
-The key to successful management of a vegetarian diet is to plan combinations of foods that provide the essential amino acids
-Without the proper balance of amino acids, the body is unable to synthesize the proteins essential for building tissues.
-Mother can be deficient in protein and minerals.
-This imbalance may result in inadequate growth of the fetus and breastfed infant and inadequate nourishment of the mother
-understanding of nutrition, careful meal planning, and selective food shopping are essential for a woman on a vegetarian diet.
-Ex: combinations of bread or crackers with nut spreads or tofu (soybean curd) spreads are healthy snack foods
-If the mother doesn't consume dairy product she can meet her calcium needs by adding large quantities of green leafy vegetables, broccoli, almonds, molasses, tofu, and fortified soymilk
-Iron requirements can be the most difficult to meet.
-Foods containing vitamin C—citrus fruit or juice and fresh vegetables eaten at the same meal with legumes and whole grains—help the body absorb the iron from these foods
-drinking coffee or tea, including herbal tea, with the meal will decrease the amount of iron absorbed