us history chapter 10 review sheet
Terms in this set (48)
what was life like for a slave in the south?
-not allowed to read, write, attend church, play drums
-slaves were kept in line from daylight to daybreak
had an antislavery newspaper called North Star
William lloyd garrison
wrote The Liberator which called for freeing of slaves
conductor of the Underground Railroad
Harriet Beecher Stowe
author of Uncle Toms cabin
South's viewpoint on slavery
argued that it was necessary
argued that it benefited the norths textile industry
argued that Christianity supported slavery
ban on slavery in any lands won from Mexico
result of the wilmot proviso
broke party unity and divided congress
-northern dens support
-southern dems opposed
because slavery would not extend
four terms of the compromise of 1850
1. California admitted as a free state
2. Utah and New Mexico territories decide about slavery
3. Texas - New Mexico boundary dispute resolved, Texas paid $10 million by federal government
4. The sale of slaves banned in the district of Columbia
5. fugitive slave act required people in the free states to help capture and return escaped slaves
what were the three boundary lines that separated slavery between the north and the south?
what is the fugitive slave act?
alleged fugitives were not entitled to a trial by jury
fugitives could not testify on their own behalf
what were the flaws of the fugitive slave act?
$10 given to federal commissioners if they returned a slave
$5 given if they set him free
Aid fugitive slaves in their escape to freedom
provided secret tunnels, food, clothing, and an escort to the next station
Who wrote uncle Tom's cabin?
Harriet Beecher Stowe, White abolitionist
what was uncle Tom's cabin about?
delivered the message that slavery was not just a political contest, but also a great moral struggle
what were the reactions of uncle Tom's cabin?
northerners increase protests against the fugitive slave act
southerners criticized the book as an attack on the south as a whole
what did the Kansas Nebraska act replace?
what were the major points of the Kansas Nebraska act?
established popular sovereignty
popular sovereignty in the new states
settlers of the new territory could decide if the states could be a slave or free state
The right of residents of a territory to vote or against slavery
why did bleeding Kansas occur?
John Brown and his sons killed five people that were for slavery
this attack triggered violent relations throughout Kansas reading to 200 deaths
Who was behind bleeding Kansas?
John Brown, abolitionist
what happened in the bully brooks fiasco in the Senate?
Brooks beat Senator Charles Sumner with his walking cane in the hall of the Senate for a speech that Sumner made criticizing President Franklin Pierce and southerners who sympathized with proslavery violence in Kansas
what were the main political parties in the 1850s?
free soil party
know nothing party
free soil party
against the extension of slavery, prolabor
know nothing party
anti immigration, anti-Catholic
opposed expansion of slavery into territories
Pro business, divided on slavery
States rights, limited government, divided on slavery
why did Dred Scott sue?
for his freedom
had been taken by his master into free territory
The case reached the Supreme Court
what was the result of the Dred Scott case?
The Chief Justice decided slaves had no right to sue
Northern Republicans are outraged
southerners celebrated the decision
parties begin to split
what were Lincolns views during the election for Senate?
opposed Douglasses Kansas Nebraska act
felt slavery should not expand
what were Douglasses views during the election for Senate?
believed in popular sovereignty
any territory could exclude slavery by simply refusing to pass laws supporting it
Who won the election for Senate?
why did the Freeport doctrine cause doom for the Democratic Party?
The party is split
what was John Brown's plan at Harpers Ferry?
organized a group of 21 men
wanted to take for arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia
this was to arm slaves in the south and lead a revolt to end slavery
what was the result of Harpers Ferry?
he had limited support
suddenly surrounded by federal troops, under Robert E Lee
two of brown sons were killed
Brown was sentenced to be hanged
what were the north and south views on harpers ferry?
North praises Brown as a hero
South is horrified at Norths reaction
why was James Buchanan the worst president ever?
failed to keep Southern states happy, they succeeded from the union
The Confederate states of America were formed
Who were the three presidents during the 1850s?
Who were the four candidates for the election of 1860?
why was Lincoln able to win?
he won all northern and western states as a Republican
why did southern states succeed?
thought the government was becoming too strong and ruling over their rights
which state was the first to succeed and what others followed?
what nation formed from the states that succeeded?
confederate states of America
Who was the president of the confederate states of America?
what border state was the most important to remain in the union?
Maryland because it had the capital and a large population
what were the seven main causes of the Civil War?
compromise of 1850
Kansas Nebraska act
uncle Tom's cabin
Lincoln Douglas debate's
election of 1860