us history final second semester

1960 election of lincoln
reasons for southern succession?
robert e lee
an excellent military leader for the south. stayed because of virgina
ulysses s grant
military leader for the north. war in the west. captured four henry and four donelson.
george mc clellan
union commander. this mans strategy was used to take richmond in the peninsula campaign. often hesistant to commit his men to battle
abraham lincoln
president during the civil war.
jefferson davis
provisional president of the confederacy
northern strategy
anaconda plan. control of the mississppi river would enable them to penetrate deep into the other territory.
southern strategy
quick attack. shatter the others morale aand disrupot communications. win european support and bring the war to a speedy end
northern advantages
huge population. enjoyed the economic advantag. could move troops and supplies with ease. nations railroad. us navy
southern advantages
excellent military leadership.
northern economy
100,000 jobs for women in arsenals, factoties and sewing rooms. volunteer groups to raise money
southern economy
patriotic events/parades. public figures urged men to join the army and wealthy members of scoiety pledged money to buy arms and uniforms
battle of antietam
bloodiest battle in american history. two union soldiers found lees battle plans wrapped around his cigar pack and counterattacked
battle of bull run
manassas. first battle. southern victory
battle of gettysburg
picketts charge. meade vs lee. lee attacked in virginia. critical turning point in the war. union victory
attack of fort sumter
the south needed the fort in order to control access to this major port city. souther victory
emancipation proclamation
all slaves living in areas still rebelling against the united states would be free. only applied to southern states.
type of posionous snake. were mainly northern democrats who sympathized with the south but did not actively interfere with the war effort
southerner who supported northern causes
new york city riots
large riots about not wanting the young men to be drafted
appomatax courthouse
where general robert e lee surrendered to the union forces
rebuilding the former confederate states and reuniting the nation
freedman's burea
aided the milliions of sotuherners that were left homless and hungry after the civil war
john wilkes booth
man that killed abraham lincoln in the ford's theater
jim crow laws
laws required states sepearate railways cars for african americans and whites. seperation of races
would give a full pardon to all southerners who would swear allegiance to the us constituiton and accept federal laws ending slavery
frederick douglass
publically supported voting rights for african americans
president during reconstrucion, after lincoln, violated the tenure of office act
thaddeus stevens
insisted that african americans be given the right to vote.
civil rights act of 1866
the first civil rights law in the nations history. declared taht everyone born in the uniter states was a citizen with full civial rights BUT did not guarantee voting rights
radical republicans
wanted to create a new south and help the african americans
tenure of office act
act that johnson violated, causing himself to be impeached. fired a senator. required senator approval of a replacement before the president could remove an appoiined offical who had been confirmed by the senate.
northerns that moved to the south during reconstruction looking fir wealth, land or to help the freed black men
reconstruction act of 1867
divided the south into 5 distrcits
compromise of 1877
end of reconstruction. the republicans afreed to withdraw the remaining federal troops from the south
farming system resebling slavery
black codes
laws preventing blacks from achieving social, political, and economic equalirt with southern whites
lacked policical experience but was a hero of war. president during the electrion of 1868
plessy vs ferguseen
a lawsuit borught in 1896n after african american was denied a seat in a first class railway car. SEPERATE BUT EQUAL!
enforcement act of 1875
designed to stop violence against aafrican americans
attacking an black people and some republicANS. most were former conferates
wanted whites to control the south
cival war ammendments
13 14 15`
13 ammendment
abolished slavery
14 ammendment
gave everyone the right to vote and southerner should be punished for no allowing voting
15th amm3nement
all rafes can vote regardless of color. this angered women
andrew carnegie
cirportation, stock
oil industry
the system uner which the government or worker coopedratives own most factories, utiliti9es, and transportation adn communication systems
investigative journlaists became known as this
samuel gompers
leader of the afl and used the same organizational structure as trusts
18th ammendment
barred the amnufacture sale and disriibution of alcoholic beverages