Intro to Music
Terms in this set (60)
A melody added to, or played against, another melody
A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit
Meters in which each beat is subdivided into three rather than two
Music that moves without a strong sense of beat or meter
Organizing patterns of rhythm pules
The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat
The first accented beat of a measure
Which meter would most likely be associated with a march?
A collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order
A combination of tones that sounds discordant, unstable, or in need of resolution
A single, sustained pitch against which melodic and rhythmic complexities unfold
An interval spanning eight notes
The most common chord type found in Western music
A three-note chord
Built on alternate scale steps
Do melody and harmony function independently of each other?
The first note of the scale
The principle of organization around a central tone
Can a major scale begin on any of the twelve semitones of the octave?
An interval smaller than the semitone, or half step.
Music based on the seven tones of a major or minor scale
A melody's overall shape as it turns upward or downward or remains static
the distance between any two pitches
Melodies that move principally by small intervals in a joined, connected manner
ex: Joy to the World
Melodies that move in larger, disconnected intervals.
Ex: Star Spangled Banner
The units that make up a melody
Tone color AKA Timbre
a distinct quality
Duple, Triple, Quadruple.
The beat is divided into two (ONE-and, two-and; or ONE-and, two-and, three-and)
Alternates a strong downbeat with a weak beat: ONE two, ONE two; or, if you marched it, LEFT right, LEFT right.
Has three beats to a measure—one strong beat and two weak ones (ONE two three)
Contains four beats to the measure, with a primary accent on the first beat and a secondary accent on the third.
the simultaneous sounding of three or more pitches
occurs with a resolution of dissonance, producing a stable or restful sound.
The twelve half steps that make up the octave constitute what is known as the
C Major Scale
Whole, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Whole, Half
C Minor Scale
Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole
Several musicians sing or play the same musical line (as in monophony), but each one varies some element—maybe a pitch or rhythm—so that they're "out of sync" with each other
("many-voiced") describes a texture in which two or more different melodic lines are combined, thus distributing melodic interest among all the parts
A single voice takes over the melodic interest, while the accompanying lines are subordinate
a kind of homophony where all the voices or lines move together in the same rhythm
The organizing principle in music
The same melody is repeated with each stanza of the text, as for a folk song or carol (Silent Night)
(two-part) Is based on a statement and a departure, without a return to the opening section.
(three-part) Extends the idea of statement and departure by bringing back the first section
Solemn (very, very slow)
Broad (very slow)
A walking pace
Allegro: fast (cheerful)
Each syllable gets one note, as in "Happy Birthday."
A single syllable is elongated by many notes, thereby giving a particular word more emphasis.
One syllable may get a few notes
Air instruments (such as flutes or horns)
Produce sound from a vibrating string stretched between two points. (Violins, guitars)
produce sound from the substance itself. (cymbals, bells)
Drum-type instruments that are sounded from tightly stretched membranes.
spaces= All Cows Eat Grass
lines = Good Boys Do Fine Always