Contents test 2 samsam

radial groove
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Terms in this set (51)
what foramina open into the petrygopalatine fossa?petrygoid canal greater and lesser palatine canals pharyngeal canal sphenopalatine foramen foramen rotundumPetrygoid canalwhich transmits the nerve and artery of the petrygoid canalgreater and lesser palatine canalsgreater and lesser palatine nerve and vesslespharyngeal canaltransmits the pharyngeal branch of the maxillary nerve and the petrygoid branches of the maxillary arterysphenopalatine foramenconnects the nasal cavity with the ptrygopalatine fossaptryogopalatine fossatransmits the sphenopalatine artery and vein and the superior nasal and nasopalatine nerves - book connects to the cranial cavity through the foramen rotundum greater and lesser palatine cancals have the same nerves and vessels that pass to the palate, connects to the orbial cavity through the inferior orbital fissure , nasal cavity through the sphenopalatine foramenforamen rotundummaxillary nerve a branch of the trigeminal nerveinfratemporal fossa- remove upper part of the ramus of the mandible structures: -Mandibular N - V3- that divides into the linguinal and inferior alveolar N -maxillary A - which branches a bunch one of the most impt = middle meningeal A -petrygoid venous plexus medial and lateral pterygoid muscles maxillary tuberosity -petrygomandibular raphe - petrygoid venus plexus - connected tot he cavernous sinus and several veins of the face and orbit -incisive foramentransmits the nasopalatine nerve and Arteryforamen ovalemandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve and venous plexusforamen spinosummiddle meningeal artery, and a small branch of the trigeminal nerve to the meninges, and the meningeal branch of the mandibular Nforamen lacearumjunction between the temporal sphenoid and occipital bones covered by cartilage in a living person and transmits small vessels , the internal carotid artery runs above and across the foramen but not through itcarotid canalforamen that transmits the internal carotid artery and the sympathetic plexusjugular forameninternal jugular vein and cranial nerves 9 10 and 11 minegeal arteries - from the occipital and ascending pharyngeal arteries. glossopharyngeal N vagus N Acessory N Inferior petrosal sinus posterior meningeal Astylomastoid foramenfacial nerve and stylomastoid arterymandibular fossaarticulation site with the mandibleforamen magnumvertebral A anterior spinal A accessory N posterior spinal A spinal Vcondylar canaltransmits condylar emissary veins - lies behind the occipital condylesoptic canaloptic nerve and ophthalmic Asuperior orbital fissuresuperior ophthalmic V lacrimal N frontal N trochlear N abducent N oculomotor N Nasociliary N CN 3 4 5 ( opthalmic branch , 3 i think) and 6 opthalmic veins sympathetic nerveshiatus cancal for lesser petrosal Nlesser petrosal N superior tympanic AHiatus canal for greater petrosal Ngreater petrosal Ninternal acoustic meatuslabytinthine A and V vestibulocochlear N facial Ngreater palatine foramengreater palatine N and Alesser palatine foramenLesser palatine N and Apetrotympanic fissureanterior tympanic A chorda tympanihypoglossal canalhypoglossal N to the tounge and venus plexusanterior posterior and middle cranial fossahold the brain anteiror = foramen caecum / olfactory nerves middle - hold the optic canal - which transmits the optic nerve and the opthalmic artery posterior = internal acoustic meatus - transmits the CN 7 and 8 and the labyrinth artery.foramen caecumtransmits the emissary veinmandibular forameninferior alveolar nerve - a branch of the mandibular nerve CN 5scalene gapopening formed between anterior scalene and the middle scalene transmits the subclavian A and the brachial plexusinfratemporal fossamedial minegeal artery passeses into foramen spinousa CN9 , CN7 in order to come to the carotid glandsuperficial layer of the cervical fascia= all structures of the neck besides the platysma and is continuous dorsally with the nuchal fascia trapezius sternocleidomastoidmiddle (pretracheal) layer of the cervical fasciainfrahyoid muscles - connected to the carotid sheath internal jugular vegus N carotid Adeep ( prevertebral) layer of the cervical fasciadeep muscles on the vertebrae scalene , longus colli, esophagusOccipital TriangleFloor: Splenius Capitis, Lavator Scapulae, Post. Scalene and Middle Scalene. *Content: Cervical Plexus. Accessory Nerve comes from behind the Sternocleidomastoid M. It divides the supraclavicular region to a Care free and careful zone. superficial cervical Artery Anterior Scalene M.Scalene Gap 2 - slidesFormed between scalene Anterior and Middle and 1st rib, in which run the Brachial plexus and Subclavian Artery.Cervical PlexusAtlas (C1- C4) Deep Ansa Cervicalis upper root of cervical ansa Inf. root of cervical ansa Lesser Occipital N. Greater auricular N. Transverse Cervical N. Supraclavicular nerves Phrenic nerve.Anterior TriangleAnterior Triangle: Submandibular T. Carotid T. Muscular T. Submental T. Borders: Posterior (lateral) : Sternocleidomastoid Superior: mandible Anterior: midline of the neckPosterior trianglePosterior Triangle: Occipital T. Omoclavicular T.Carotid Triangle:Borders: Super: Post. belly of Digastric Med: Sup. Belly of Omohyoid Lat: Sternocleidomastoid Skin innervat.: cervical plexus Content: External jugular vein and Superficial cervical fascia Internal jugular vein and Common facial vein Common carotid A. Carotid Sinus Internal carotid A. External carotid A. Vagus nerve (behind and in between vessels) descending branch of XII (upper root of cervical ansa) runs above the carotid sheath.