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39 terms

Biology Proteins and Enzymes

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Hexokinase
Phosphorylates glucose
Lactate Dehydrogenase
Dehydrogenates lactate
Cytochrome c
Transfers electrons
DNA Polymerase
Replicates and repairs DNA
Ovalbumin
Egg-white protein
Casein
A milk protein
Ferritin
Iron storage in spleen
Gliadin
Seed protein of wheat
Zein
Seed protein of corn
Hemoglobin
Transports O2 in blood of vertebrates
Hemocyanin
Transport O2 in blood of some invertebrates
Myoglobin
Transports O2 in muscles
Serum Albumin
Transports fatty acids in blood
B1-Lipoprotein
Transports lipids in blood
Iron-binding globulin
Transports iron in blood
Ceruloplasmin
Transports copper in blood
Myosin
Thick filaments in myofibril
Actin
Thin filaments in myofibril
Dynein
Cilia and Flagella
Antibodies
Form complexes with foreign proteins
Complement
Complexes with some antigen-antibody systems
Fibrinogen
Precursor of fibrin in blood clotting
Thrombin
Component of clotting mechanisms
Clostridium botulinum
Cause bacterial food poisoning
Diphtheria toxin
Bacterial Toxin
Snake venom
Enzymes that hydrolyze phosphoglycerides
Ricin
Toxin protein of castor bean
Gossypin
Toxin protein of cottonseed
Insulin
Regulates glucose metabolism
Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone
Regulates corticosteriod synthesis
Growth hormone
Stimulates growth of bones
Viral-coat proteins
Sheath around nucleic acid
Glycoproteins
Cell coats and walls
a-Keratin
Skin, feathers, nails, hoofs
Sclerotin
Exoskeletons of insects
Fibroin
Silk of cocoons, spider webs
Collagen
Fibrous connective tissue
Elastin
Elastic connective tissue
Mucoproteins
Mucous secretions, synovial fluid