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5 Basic Principles of the US Constitution
Terms in this set (24)
What are the five basic principles of the US Constitution?
1- Popular sovereignty
2- Limited government
3- Separation of powers
4- Checks and balances
all political power resides with the people; people rule; the consent of the governed
"We the people..."
Example of popular sovereignty
Government must obey the law no government is all-powerful and may only do that which the people give it the power to do.
"Congress shall make no law...." -1st amendment
Example of limited government
Separation of Powers
powers are distributed nationally to Congress, the President, and Supreme Court
Articles 1-3 Powers of the branches
power to make laws
Legislative branch consists of...
Congress= Senate + House of Representatives
100, 2 per state
House of Representatives
435 - based on population
-Robert Pittenger (Con.Dist.#9)
power to enforce laws
-President: Barrack Obama
- Vice President: Joe Biden
power to interpret laws/Constitution
-Supreme Court: John Roberts, Chief Justice
Checks and Balances
Each branch of government is checked or restrained by the other two branches.
Examples of checks and balances...
-The President can veto a law passed by Congress
-Congress can override that veto
-Congress can refuse the appointment of federal judges
-Supreme Court can find a law unconstitutional
division of power among National and State governments.
Federal (national) Gov't Power
State Gov't Powers
Both federal and state powers
Both state and federal
given to national government because it is a sovereign state (ex: regulate immigration)
Written in the Constitution (Congress may declare war)
given to national gov't but not written in Constitution: (printing paper money)
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