87 terms

Biblical Studies Final

Dates, Definitions
STUDY
PLAY
Historicity
historical accuracy of biblical stories
Teleology
The Day of the Lord
Etiology
any story that tries to explain how things are the way they are now
Monotheism
belief in the existence of a single divine being
Monolatry
recognition of the existence of many gods but only worshiping one; one altar
Divination
communication with the divine; any method used to obtain info from the divine
Theophany
"holy war"; fear of the Lord; an appearance or manifestation of God to humans
Holy
qedosh; clean, pure; priest, Israelites, ark of the covenant
Mercy seat
cover of the ark; rested on the ark of the covenant
Decalogue
Ten commendments found in Deuteronomy 5 and Exodus 20; given to Moses by God
Hierarchical polytheism
Other gods exist and one may worship them but acknowledge Yahweh as the greatest of those gods and worship him the most
Debt slavery
If a borrower could not pay the loan back to the loaner, the borrower becomes a slave to the loaner for 6 years and is freed by the 7th.
Sin offering
sacrificial animal is a sub for an offender; blood was sprinkled, fat burned, and rest of carcass was discarded or burned outside sanctuary (Lev 4)
purpose: to remove offender's guilt
Sabbatical year
seventh year; at the start, any debt between Israelites is to be cancelled
Vow
Numbers 6; A solemn promise before God to perform some act or make a gift or sacrifice; a solemn engagement to devote oneself to religious life
Immanent
God is present in the physical world and accessible to creatures in many ways
Transcendent
divine; existence outside created world; superior to mortals. (God's nature and power is independent of physical universe)
J
10th BCE
E
9th BCE
P
6th BCE
Babylonian exile
587-538 BCE
sacrifice/offering
cleanse of impurity; give back to the Lord
Oracle
a spoken/written message from a divine being telling about future events
Necromancy
method use to communicate with the spirits/dead; give offering to the spirits and they would tell them info
Ritual purity/impurity
blood of the sin offering destroys the impurity immediately; blood is life
Meshiach/messiah
anointed one
Casting lots
throwing objects to determine outcomes
Oracular divination
getting info in immediate useful form (listening/reading)
DH 1
ca. 11th-621 BCE - Josiah; Dt Joshua, Judges, 1 + 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings 1-23
DH 2
ca. 609-560 BCE; Dt Joshua, Judges, 1 + 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings 24-25
Amos
ca. 750 BCE
Tiglath-Pileser III
745-727 BCE
Destruction of Israel
721 BCE
lament
a poetic description of one's negative circumstances
Isaiah
ca. 742-701 BCE
Syro-Ephraimite War
ca. 734-732 BCE
Jeremiah
627-587 BCE
Zion
location of temple in Jerusalem
Zion tradition
belief that Yahweh's presence in the temple protects the city
Ezekial
ca. 592-571 BCE
Resurrection
The time when the faithful people who have died will come back to eternal life; spirit reinserted in body; Ezekial 37
Persian Period
538-332 BCE
Sage
a person of wisdom; believes that Yahweh is at the center of everything
Wisdom
loyalty to Yahweh; the ability to know with the heart and see things with the eyes of faith, to see ourselves as God wants us to be and to act as God wants us to act
Fool
realize that Yahweh is at the center of everything but rejects it and doesn't live by it; disloyalty
Documentary hypothesis
J - Yahwist (Jahwist), E - Elohist, P - Priestly, D - Deuteronomist; Biblical theory to explain repetition in the Torah
Aniconic
Refering to traditions that do not encourage visual imagery in religion.
Apocalyptic
a type of writing; heavenly visions + interpreter; day of the Lord is immanent; provides hope for the oppresseda
Book of Daniel
ca. 164
Seraph
a member of the highest order of angels in the celestial hierarchies
Roman empire takes over Palestine
63 CE
Herad dies
4 BCE
Birth of Jesus
6-4 BCE
Crucifixion of Jesus
30 CE
Letters of Paul
ca. 49-64 CE
Mark Gospel
65-75 CE
Matthew Gospel
75-85 CE
Luke Gospel
85-95 CE
Day of the Lord
Yahweh doesn't show up; Jesus shows up as an agent of God
Pharisees
Jewish sect that emphasized strict interpretation and observance of the Torah in both its oral and written form; believed in resurrection
Lord
kurios; ruler/master; someone with authority/power/control
Destruction of Jerusalem
70 CE
Prophecy
a prediction of the future, made under divine inspiration
Prophesy
To predict or foretell, especially under divine inspiration and guidance.
Source criticism
literary detective work that helps discover where the biblical authors got their material
Salvation
survival on the Day of the Lord
Son of Man
Daniel 7; heavenly being given the powers of God to complete His task on the Day of the Lord
Son of God
royal title= anointed/messiah; 2 Samuel 7; Jesus becomes this after resurrected from the dead
Son of David
Jesus
baptism
spiritual cleansing of sins
gospel
Oral teachings about Jesus and his death
Herod the Great
37-4 BCE
satan
the fallen angel or spirit of evil who is the enemy of God and a continuing instigator of temptation and sin in the world
parable
A simple story illustrating a moral or religious lesson; used by Jesus
disciple
a follower of Jesus
apostle
one of the followers of Jesus who preached and spread his teachings
Gospel
the written body of teachings of a religious group that are generally accepted by that group
Holy Spirit
The presence of God active in human life. The Hebrew Bible describes it as the force that created the universe. In post-New Testament times, the it was declared to be the third person in the Trinity.
Elijah
believed to be the Son of Man; Daniel 7
passion
the suffering of Jesus at the crucifixion
John the Baptist
baptized Jesus; thought to be Elijah by some; Jesus' cousin in some gospels
Call narrative
a story that describes a person's initial awareness that God wanted him or her to do something specific. The calls of the prophet have five common elements: there is something mysterious and holy about the encounter, God acts first, the prophet resists, God reassures, and God sends the prophet on his or her mission
Judge
one of the twelve charismatic military leaders of the israelites during the period between the conquest of Canaan and the establishment of the monarchy who was animated by the spirit of God
Immortality
eternal life
Lady Wisdom
female character of God's wisdom and we see it in proverbs
Anointed
rubbed with oil; chosen by God
purification
the act of purging of sin or guilt