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Which of the following statements defines the association between a risk factor and the development of a disease?
The more risk factors for a disease, the greater the chance of developing that disease
Legumes are used as meat alternatives for all of the following reasons except
they can be graded as prime, choice, and select.
Which of the following is a feature of the exchange list system?
All foods are grouped according to their content of carbohydrate, protein, and fats
Which of the following is a feature of people regularly eating meals based on tofu?
They have lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels than those eating meat
For the most part, all of the following are advantages of vegetarian diets except
vitamin B12 intake is higher.
After swallowing, in what order does food pass through the regions of the GI tract?
Stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon
When alcohol and barbiturates are ingested, they are absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and transported first to the
ou have just finished a light breakfast of toast and jelly. Which of the following series of events proceeds upon digestion/absorption of the meal until it is near time for lunch?
Blood glucose rises, the pancreas releases insulin, glucose is taken up by the cells through the action of insulin, blood glucose levels decline, the pancreas releases glucagon, glucagon stimulates liver cells to break down glycogen and release glucose into the blood, blood glucose rises
Allen is 20 years old and asks for help in selecting a fiber-rich diet. After he ranks the kinds of foods he likes to eat, you provide him with a list of food items consisting of
1 cup baked beans, 1 medium apple, 1 banana, 1½ cups oatmeal, 1 ounce 100% bran cereal, and ½ cup chopped raw carrots.
Your aunt Gladys has a family history of heart disease. She decides to begin eating a bowl of oatmeal every morning to help lower her blood cholesterol. After about a month of following this routine, her cholesterol declined about 5 points. Which of the following is the most likely explanation f
Oatmeal is high in soluble fibers that trap bile, causing the body to use more cholesterol for bile replacement
Which of the following is a feature of fat metabolism?
Triglycerides in the blood must first be broken down to monoglycerides, fatty acids, and glycerol prior to uptake by the adipose cells
You and your friend John are planning a college graduation party and you want to include healthy snack alternatives. You select fruit, veggies, low-fat dips, low-fat cheeses, whole-wheat crackers, and low- fat potato chips. John says he has heard about the fat replacer olestra in the potato chips
contains a fat-like substance that the body's enzymes can't break down and therefore cannot be absorbed.
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