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Questions and Answers
Terms in this set (47)
The pitiful conditions that people had to live in created by the Industrial Revolution of 1889 gave rise to?
Socialism, where society owns and controls the means of production
What do we call people interested in finding new business opportunities and new ways to make profits?
The Alliance between Great Britain, Russia, and France during WWI was known as?
Duke of Wellington's English Army defeated Naopleon's French Army at?
Waterloo in Belgium
Martin Luther's 95-Theses led to the?
Indulgences are practices for individuals to be released or pardoned from their sins within the?
Huguenots were Calvinist Protestants in?
Intellectuals - Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, Newton, and ect. - developed new theories that led to foundation of?
The Scientific Revolution
Machiavelli believed that political activity should be unrestricted by moral principles as outlines in the book?
Absolutism is a system of government where ruler holds?
Absolute (all) power
If a colony was run by ___ local elites were removed from power and replaced with new set of officials from mother country?
Belief "survival of the fittest" applies to groups and races, which is known as?
What was the "white man's burden"?
belief that European's had moral responisibility to civilize primitive peoples
What was the result of the Japanese victory in 1904-05 Russo-Japanese War?
stunned world was forced to recognize Japan as one of great powers
Policy of ___ called for China to adopt Western Technology while retaining their Confucian values and institutions.
In an attempt to adjust its trade imbalance with China during the 18th and 19th centuries, Britain began?
Shipping opium grown in India and Afghanistan directly to China
At the beginning of the 1900s, bands of Chinese roamed country killing missionaries and Chinese Christians as well as foreign businessmen, which is known as?
____ referred to practice of European's living by own laws on Chinese soil
Western Front during WWI was characterized by?
trench warfare that kept both sides in virtually the same position for four years
Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and Ottoman Empire were known as?
The Central Powers
The Event that touched off the first declaration of WWI?
assassination of their heir to throne of Austria-Hungary
___aggressive preparation for war growth along with size of nation's armies?
What caused the U.S. to join Allies in fighting during WWI?
Germany's use of unrestricted submarine warfare
An event prior, Germany sunk American ship?
President Wilson's points for a peace settlement is known as?
"The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money" by John Maynard Keynes was published in 1936. The book argued for?
The purpose of Stalin's five year plan was to?
transform USSR from agricultural into industrial economy
The ___ was lead policy-making body of Communist Party in Soviet Union.
What were the "Nuremburg Laws?"
they excluded Jews from German citizenship and forbade marriages between Germans and Jews
What is Kristallnacht?
destructive Nazi rampage against the Jews
Mohandas Gandhi of India protested against British by?
Using methods of civil disobedience, that's refusing to obey laws considered to be unjust
Who lead People's Liberation Army on Long March?
President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Good Neighbor Policy?
rejected U.S. military force in Latin America
An oligarchy is?
type of government where a select few have control
Two days after Hitler's invasion of___ Britain and France declared war on Germany.
Hitler's Blitzkreig or "lightening war" was?
form of attack that used tank division supported by Air Attacks
On December 7, 1941, the Japanese?
launched a surprise attack on U.S Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor
What was the turning point battle in the Pacific?
The Battle of Midway Island
At Tehran Conference, Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill agreed?
to partition of Postwar Germany
Great Britain's policy of___ towards Germany was based in the belief that satisfaction of reasonable demands would maintain peace in Europe.
The___ was a period of political tension following WWII.
The Cold War
___never became a colony of the European nation?
Churchill called Postwar Soviet policy in Eastern Europe?
___Simon Bolivar and Miguel Hidalgo, leaders of Latin American independence movements, were inspired by successful revolutions in?
The U.S. and France
The date that launched the U.S. into conflict with Afghanistan and Iraq?
September 11, 2001
What two countries competed for dominance in space exploration in the 20th century?
The U.S. and USSR
The first American constitution was?
The Articles of Confederation
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