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Arts and Humanities
Global Chapter 10 Section 1
Terms in this set (44)
Where did Islam originate?
Before Islam orginated, what peoples occupied the Arabian Peninsula?
Who were the Bedouins?
What animals did the Bedouins use to cross the desert?
Which group of people eventually becomes the army that spreads the Islamic empire & religion?
What city becomes the center of Islamic life?
Even before becoming an Islamic center, what kind of "center" was Mecca?
What is the word for "a place in a dry region that can support life"?
Was Mecca an oasis?
Who was the founder of Islam, & where was he born?
What was Muhammad's profession before becoming a prophet?
Who did Muhammad marry?
Who was the first convert to Islam?
What was Muhammad's original concern?
Who did Muhammad claim he saw?
What word did Muhammad say that Gabriel told him?
What does it mean to "proclaim"?
become a prophet
What is the definition of "Islam?"
What was the first year of the Muslim calendar?
Who threatened to murder Muhammad when he began to preach Islam?
What is the name for Muhammad's pilgrimage out of Mecca when he is threatened?
Where did Muhammad flee to on the Hijra pilgrimage?
After the Hijra, the name of the city Yathrib was changed to a word meaning "City of the Prophet." What is this word?
Who is the Muslim God?
When Muhammad returns to Mecca in 630 AD, he conquers it and rededicates a temple to Allah. What is the name of it?
What is the name that the Muslims give to Muhammad's return to Mecca?
the triumphant return of Muhammad to Mecca
What is a caliph?
successor to Muhammad
Who was the first caliph?
Muslim people worship one god. What is the name given to any religion that believes in only one God?
What is the sacred book of Islam?
What is the name for the five basic duties of Muslim life?
the Five Pillars
What are the five pillars?
declaration of faith, prayer, charity, fasting, hajj
What does the Islam Declaration of Faith state?
only Allah is God
Who are the four major prophets in Islam?
Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad
How many times a day must Muslims pray?
Where must Muslims face when they pray?
What is the name given to the holy month during which Muslims must fast from sunrise to sunset?
What is the hajj?
pilgrimage to Mecca
The Islamic religion stresses personal efforts in God's service. What are these called?
What is the name for the Islamic system of law?
In Muslim-dominated areas, is there separation between Church & state?
Prior to the crusades, Muslims were accepting of Christians & Jews because they all worshipped the same God. What did they call them?
people of the book
Before it was established, what did Mecca link through Arabia?
What city was a staging area for the strengthening of Islam?
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