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Cultural History Stages 35 - 38 CS Quiz CSCP

Latin Quiz Cambridge Latin Source for the cultural readings from Stage 35 through Stage 38.
STUDY
PLAY
Villa
roman house
thermae
bath complex
hypocaustum
heating area in baths
apodyterium
entry / changing room in baths
caldarium
hot plunge bath (scalding)
tepidarium
warm (tepid) bath
frigidarium
large cold (frigid) pool
otium
leisure, time off
negotium
business (negotiations)
studium
intellectual pursuit (studies)
epistulae commendaticiae
brief introduction (a letter often delivered by travelers from influential persons)
cera
wax tablet
charta
page of papyrus
volumen
scroll (how books were kept)
amanuenses
secretaries (do the planning and speed up negotium)
notarius
scribe slave (slave of letters)
librarius
scribe slave (slave of letters)
servus ab epistulis
slave of letters (scribe slave)
SAL
salutem - greetings, hello
SD
salutem dicit - formal greeting
SPD
salutem plurimam dicit - happy about greeting a companion
SVBE
si vales, bene est, - conclusion of a letter, If you are good, it is well
vale
good-bye, end, conclusion (post body)
cura ut valeas
Take care that you are well (post body)
recitationes
public recitations
auditorium
listening (auditori'ing) room
recitator
reciter of the poem
praefatio
short (brief, often sharp) introduction by the recitator
epigramma
letter
consilium
Emperors council
amici principis
Friends of the Emperor (Emperors Council)
sententia
opinion (asked of each the consilium members for theirs)
cursus honorum
course of honor (in which Roman hierarchy of government is established)
Suo anno
to gain a position in one's year, at the earliest age they can possibly do so
Senatus
senate elected by counsels
Senatores
senators
equites
Equestrian Order (lower 2 classes of Rome)
Plebs
the general body of free land-owning Roman citizens. Includes patricians
magistratus
Elected officials of Rome. Included king
imperium
authority (or empire)
auctoritas
the level (authority) one has in society
fasces
bundle of sticks
patricii
A member of one of the noble families of the ancient Roman Republic, which before the third century b.c. had exclusive rights to the Senate and the magistracies
vigintivir
Every year 20 men elected as vigintivirs (junior officials) assisting with tasks
tribunus militum
In the following year each of them went abroad
quaestor
On returning home, if one desired to continue Cursus Honorum they were quastores (managing money, lasted one year, qualified men for senate)
tribunus plebis
After a year interval, an ex-quaestor would become one of 10 tribunes of the people (plebs)
aediles
ex-quaestors could be appointed one of 6 aedilis, responsible for public upkeep of buildings
praetor
ran Roman Law courts, or maybe govern one of twenty-eight provinces (excluding 10 most important). governors of province lasted three years
consul
highest position in cursus honorum. Two at a time, changed at one year intervals. Supervised government business
legatus
general in the Roman Army, member of senatorial rank
interrex
a ruler between (inter) kings for a short period
magister equitum
served as Dictators side kick
dictator
ruled the land entirely (prior to empire)
princeps
"first citizen" (during beginning of empire)`
imperator
emperor of the mid-late empire
Caesar Augustus
Octavius - the first emperor of rome died in 14 AD
paterfamilias
father
dos
dowry- a payment in money or property made by the brides family to the husbands
sponsalia
ceremony of betrothal or engagement
manus
control that man had in marriage
cum manu
earlier form of marriage where bride completely dissociates with her family and goes to her husbands
sine manu
partial disconnection of bride and her family
confarreatio
ceremony in which bride and groom share a cake made of grain (far)
far
grain that made up the cake
iunctio dextarum
the symbolic joining of hands
cena nuptialis
the wedding feast (at brides house)
bulla
a locket or chain removed by bride evening before wedding
lares
the shelter of the homes to which bullas and other childish belongings were dedicated
flammeum
the flame colored bridal veil
haruspex
sacrificed and made omens at wedding
matronae univrae
a woman who undressed the bride (this woman had only had one husband)
o hymen
song sung to rejoice that the hymen may now be broken
ubi tu Gauis, ego gaia
the traditional words of wife to her husband
Cicero
106 BC - 43 BC; was a Roman philosopher, statesman, lawyer, orator, political theorist, Roman consul and constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists
Agricola
40 - 93 CE was a Roman general responsible for much of the Roman conquest of Britain.
Martial
was a Latin poet from Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula) best known for his twelve books of Epigrams, published in Rome between AD 86 and 103, during the reigns of the emperors Domitian, Nerva and Trajan. In these short, witty poems he cheerfully satirises city life and the scandalous activities of his acquaintances, and romanticises his provincial upbringing.
nuptiae
wedding
Pliny the Younger
better known as Pliny the Younger, was a lawyer, author, and magistrate of Ancient Rome. Pliny's uncle, Pliny the Elder, helped raise and educate him. They were both witnesses to the eruption of Vesuvius on 24 August 79 AD. He is known for his letters which survived