Basic Geographic terms

50 terms by Janeswuangz

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Just a bunch of geographic terms from a seventh grader's text book is all.

absolute location

exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates


area of land drained by a given river and its branches; area of land surrounded by lands of higher elevations


part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf


deep and narrow valley with steep walls


point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean


wide strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to each other; deep part of a river or a waterway


steep, high wall of rock, earth, or ice


one of the seven large landmasses on the earth


flat, low-lying land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth


stretch of high land that separates river systems


direction in which a river or stream flows from its source to its mouth


height of land above sea level


imaginary line that runs around the earth halfway between the North and South Poles; used as the starting point to measure degrees of north and south latitude


large, thick body of slowly moving ice


part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally larger and more deeply indented than a bay


a sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely


elevated land area such as a hill, mountain, or plateau


elevated land with sloping sides and rounded summit, generally smaller than a mountain


land area, smaller than a continent, completely surrounded by water


narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas


a sizable inland body of water


distance north of south of the Equator, measured in degrees


distance east or west of the Prime Meridian, measured in degrees


land, usually level, at a low elevation drawing of the earth shown on a flat surface


drawing of the earth shown on a flat surface


one of many lines on the global grid running from the North Pole to the South Pole; used to measure degrees of longitude


broad, flat-topped landform with steep sides; smaller than a plateau


land with steep sides that rises sharply (1,000 feet of more) from surrounding land; generally larger and more rugged than a hill

mountain peak

pointed top of a mountain

mountain range

a series of connected mountains

mouth (of a river)

place where a stream or river flows into a larger body of water


one of the four major bodies of salt water that surrounds the continents

ocean current

stream of either cold or warm water that moves in a definite direction through an ocean


one of many lines on the global grid that circles the earth north or south of the equator; used to measure degrees of latitude


body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water

physical feature

characteristic of a place occurring naturally, such as a landform, body of water, climate pattern, or resource


area of level land, usually at low elevation and covered with grasses


area of flat or rolling land at a high elevation, about 30-3,000 feet high

Prime Meridian

line of the global grid running from the North Pole to the South Pole through Greenwich, England; starting point for measuring degrees of east and west longitude


changes in elevation over a giver area of land


large natural stream of water that runs through the land


large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land


land lying next to a sea or an ocean


broad inland body of water, often between a coastline and one or more islands off the coast

source (of a river)

place where a river or stream begins, often between a coastline and one or more islands off the coast


narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water


small river or stream that flows into a large river or stream; a branch of the river


direction opposite the flow of a river; toward the source of the river


area of low land between hills or mountains


mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth

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