Civil Rights Unit
Terms in this set (31)
National Organization of Women (NOW) 1966
goal was to campaign on women's rights such as equal pay for equal work, women's health issues, advancement in the workplace, founded by Betty Friedan and 48 other people
First African American to break color barrier and play in Major League baseball
President Truman: Executive Order 9981
to desegregate Armed Forces
challenges school segregation and other Civil Rights ideas, major organization of the Civil Rights Movement, led by Martin Luther King, Jr.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
goal to enforce laws against segregation in employment
Mendez v. Westminster 1945
brought to Supreme Court by the United Latin American Citizen's. Decision-segregation of children of Mexican and Hispanic descent was unconstitutional
Martin Luther King, Jr.
"I have a dream" speech given at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom which solidified his role as the symbolic leader of the Civil Rights Movement, led the Montgomery Bus Boycott, passive resistance based on Gandhi's example, led Selma to Montgomery March
A Century of Dishonor and Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee
books written to inform the public about Native American problems
Dr. Hector P. Garcia
founded the American G.I. forum to address the problems of Mexican American World War II veterans
created the United Farm Workers Organization Committee (UFWOC) in 1966 to address issues on migrant laborers
Chicano Mural Movement
used public spaces to promote Chicano social, cultural, and political ideas by using artwork
Civil Rights Act of 1957
primary goal to prohibit discrimination in public places
President Eisenhower used his power of Commander in Chief
to send in the U.S. Army to take control over the Arkansas National Guard to allow the Little Rock Nine to attend Central High School because Governor Fabus would not let the students enter the all white high school (federal vs. state)
15th, 19th, 26th Amendments
all Constitutional Amendments that address the rights of African Americans, women, and anyone eighteen years old the right to vote
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas 1954
Supreme Court declared that separate educational facilities are inherently unequal and unconstitutional
Plessy v. Ferguson 1896
Jim Crow Laws, Supreme Court upheld that "separate but equal" facilities based on race were legal. Overturned after the Brown v. Board of Education verdict.
Fair Housing Act, Air Carrier Access Act, National Voter Registration Act, Rehabilitation Act
all address the advancement of civil rights to persons with disabilities
Goal of the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s
to end segregation and discrimination based on race
13th, 14th, 15th Amendments
passed after the Civil War to show that federal power would be used to protect the rights of minorities
La Raza Unida 1970s
"Brown Power" part of the Chicano movement for Hispanic rights, goal included getting Latino state and local government officials elected
Civil Rights Movement timeframe, group called for using armed resistance if necessary to gain rights, militant, created in 1966 by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton, They want to create a new political organization to better the conditions of African-Americans. Their goals include better employment and educational opportunities as well as improved housing
"Letter from Birmingham"
written by Martin Luther King, Jr. after his arrest in Birmingham, criticizing white religious leaders for opposing the Civil Rights Movement
Brown v. Board of Education, Mendez v. Winchester, Delgado v. Bastrop ISD, Sweatt v. Painter
all Supreme Court decisions that found segregated schools were unconstitutional
Food Stamp Act of 1964, Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965, Child Nutrition Act of 1966
Legislation aimed to alleviate poverty
Warriors Don't Cry by Melba Beals
autobiographical account of the integration of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957. This book explores not only the power of racism, but also such ideas as justice, identity, and choice.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. Title IX protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance. Title IX states that:
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
refused to give up her seat to a white man on a public bus in Montgomery, Alabama, because she was tired of giving into being treated as a second class citizen and the racism, and she was arrested. On that day, Rosa Parks became the mother of the modern civil rights movement, Montgomery Bus Boycott began after this incident
alternative view to the mainstream Civil Rights movement, advocated for both the establishment of a separate black community (rather than integration) and the use of violence in self defense (rather than non-violence).
Selma to Montgomery March 1965
Martin Luther King Jr.'s Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) made Selma, Alabama, the focus of its efforts to register black voters in the South. That March, protesters attempting to march from Selma to the state capital of Montgomery were met with violent resistance by state and local authorities. As the world watched, the protesters (under the protection of federalized National Guard troops) finally achieved their goal, walking around the clock for three days to reach Montgomery. The historic march, and King's participation in it, greatly helped raise awareness of the difficulty faced by black voters in the South, and the need for a Voting Rights Act, passed later that year.
American Civil Rights Movement figure, writer, political adviser and Air Force veteran. In 1962, he became the first African-American student admitted to the segregated University of Mississippi, after the intervention of the federal government, an event that was a flashpoint in the African American Civil Rights Movement.