43 terms

History Ch. 15

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What president generally supported Lincoln's plans for Reconstruction?
Andrew Johnson
For what reason was Andrew Johnson impeached?
He dismissed a Radical secretary of war
What were the provisions of the Military Reconstruction Act?
The South was divided into five military districts, each state had to pass the fourteenth amendment and write a new constitution granting universal male suffrage regardless of race
What were the contributions of the Radical governments in the South?
disfranchisement of Southern whites
Who was Hiram Revels?
the first African American to serve in Congress
Why did sharecropping become common in the South during Reconstruction?
The South lacked sufficient money to pay wages
In what scandal did Fisk and Gould participate?
manipulating the price of gold
Why was Tammany Hall allowed to continue its corruption?
Democratic leaders needed its help for votes
What is meant by "waving the bloody shirt"?
blaming Democrats for the Civil War
What did the Republicans offer the Southern Democrats in return for their support in electing Rutherford B. Hayes?
removal of federal troops from the South
What term refers to the National government's attempt to rebuild the South following the Civil War?
Reconstruction
Which exclusive officials were protected by the Tenure of Office Act?
cabinet members
What was the most severe depression in the first one hundred years of America's history?
Panic of 73
first president to be impeached
Andrew Johnson
one of the most scandal-ridden administrations in American history
Ulysses S. Grant
corrupt leader who defrauded New York City
William Tweed
cartoonist who advocated political reform
Thomas Nast
eccentric New York newspaper editor who ran against Grant in 1872
Horace Greely
lawyer who helped to reform corruption in New York City
Samuel J. Tilden
victor of the most disputed presidential election in American history
Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican minority that wanted to deal harshly with the South
Radical Republicans
indictment of a political official by Congress
impeachment
Northern Radical who moved to the South
carpetbagger
Southern Radical
scalawags
denial of the right to vote
disfranchisement
method for freed slaves to farm the land without cash
sharecropping
Southerner who wanted to restore white majority rule
Redeemer
political corruption
Grantism
Northern Republicans who opposed the Radicals in 1872
Liberal Republicans
paper money not backed by gold or silver
greenback
the North's attempt to rebuild the South
Reconstruction
government agency designed to help freed slaves
Freedman's Bureau
extremist group that opposed Radical Reconstruction
KKK
criminal use of funds intended for railroad construction
Credit Mobilier Scandal
conspiracy to cheat the government out of excise taxes
Whiskey Ring
agreement to remove federal troops from the South
Compromise of 1877
unanimous support of the Democratic party in the former Confederacy
Solid South
Lincoln's attempt to reestablish civilian government in the South quickly
ten per cent plan
requirement that a majority of voters in each Southern state sign an oath of allegiance
Tenure of Office Act
abolition of slavery
Thirteenth Amendment
guarantee of citizen rights
Fourteenth Amendment
division of the South into five military districts
Military Reconstruction Act
attempt to regulate the conduct of former slaves
Black Codes