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11 terms

characteristics of traditional poetry

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alliteration
the repetition of beginning consonant sounds
ex: creamy crunchy
assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds
ex:my dry eye
end rhyme
the rhyming of words at the ends of two or more lines of poetry
ex: she always had to burn a light beside her attic bed at night
rhyme scheme
pattern of end rhymes
onomatopoeia
a sound that makes you think of its meaning
ex:buzz,swish
stanza
a division in a poem named for the number of lines it contains
ex: a couplet is a stanza
metaphor
comparison of two different things without using a word of comparison such as like or as
ex: my love is a red rose
repetition
the repeating of a word or phrase to add rhythm or to focus on an idea
ex:flat as a flounder flat as a crape
simile
comparison of two different things using either like or as
ex:my love is like a red rose
personification
an idea,object, or animal is given the characteristics of a person
ex: the rock stubbornly refused to move
hyperbole
an exaggeration or overstatement used for emphasis
ex: i'm so hungry i could eat a horse