25 terms

ch. 3: Biochemistry

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organic
substances that are carbon based and came from living or once-living things
monomers
small, simple repeating units
polymers
molecules made up of many monomers
macromolecules
large polymers
dehydration synthesis
the chemical reaction that connects monomers together, it removes a water molecule
hydrolysis
separates monomers by adding a water molecule
carbohydrates
primary energy source for living things
glycogen
provides energy for animals
starch
provides energy for plants
cellulose
provides structural support for plants
chitin
provides structural support for animals
glucose
the monomer of carbohydrates
proteins
structural building blocks of living things and aid in metabolism
amino acids
monomer of proteins
lipids
long-term energy storage in living things, water-proofer
fatty acids
monomer of lipids
hydrophilic
water loving
hydrophobic
water fearing
saturated fat
animal fat, solid at room temperature
unsaturated fat
plant fat, liquid at room temperature
steroids
another type of lipid, they are the hormones and plant and animal venoms
nucleic acids
store important information in the cell
DNA
store genetic information
RNA
stores and transfers infromation essential for making proteins
nucleotides
monomers of nucleic acids