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Terms in this set (43)
a repeated bass line over which the rest of the music is constructed.
indicates to pluck a string instrument
a texture where more than one clear line of music is heard.
a large scale work for orchestra in 4 movements.
music that supports the melody e.g. Chord, harmony, drone etc
large scale work for Orchestra, SATB chorus and soloists that tell a secular story and is acted out.
ABACADA - a structure where the A section keeps returning
a term used when the music is written in a key
a baroque instrument that looks like a piano but the keys are plucked instead of hit.
piccolo, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon
this occurs when a motif is introduced by one instrument and then repeated by another.
indicates a player to bow a note
small wooden woodwind instrument originally heard in baroque music.
a structure that is ABA
a repeated rhythmical figure
vocal technique where 1 syllable is sung to many notes
a texture with one clear melody with accompaniment, often chordal
12 bar blues
a structure used in Blues music which follows a 12 bar pattern.
large scale work in 3 movements for soloists and orchestra
this term applies to the small group of players that accompany the melody in Baroque music
an ending which has the chord progression V-I
the large drums used in orchestral music which can be tuned
a 3 movement large scale work for orchestra and more than one soloist
a direction which indicates the player to strum the strings
indicates a player to play short, detached and clipped notes
a large scale work for orchestra and SATB chorus and soloists that is based on sacred subject matter
when the music is accenting the weak beat
trumpet, french horn, trombone, tuba
a term given to another melody that can be heard alongside the main melody
when the music has many accidentals outside of it's indicated key signature.
a short section at the end of a piece of music to bring the music to a satisfactory end.
the tune - the most important part and very often the highest part.
a note or pair of notes held on throughout a piece of music to act as an accompaniment. has no rhythm.
two or more notes sounding together
indicates the player to return to the start of the piece of music
chords that have been put in a fixed pattern or order that is then repeated (e.g. 12 bar blues)
the opening section of a piece (often slow) before the main singer or instrumentalist comes in.
a way to describe whether the music is homophonic, polyphonic or monophonic etc.
an ending which has the chord progression IV-I
an accompaniment pattern based on a chord where the notes are played one after each other.
a term used to describe how the music is organised - ternary, binary etc.
a piece in two sections AB
one or more unstressed notes before the first bar line of a piece or passage.
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