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Facts and terms from Chapter 28.

Rome-Berlin Axis

1936; close cooperation between Italy and Germany, and soon Japan joined; resulted from Hitler; who had supported Ethiopia and Italy, he overcame Mussolini's lingering doubts about the Nazis.

Maginot Line

Line of defense built by France to protect against German invasion. Stretched from Belgium to Switzerland.


The union of Austria with Germany, resulting from the occupation of Austria by the German army in 1938.

Albert Spears

Minister of Munition. Balkans behind him and accepted Fascist ideas. Wanted control of Balkans and control of the Mediterranean. Spears always provided Germany with munitions all through the war.

Neville Chamberlain

Prime Minister of Great Britain from -1940. Famous for appeasing Hitler at the Munich Conference.


German lightning warfare. Characterized by highly mobility and concentrated forces at point of attack.

Nazi-Soviet Pact

Hitler and Joseph Stalin agreed not to attack each other but divided Poland for an easy win, but Germany didn't keep true to their word and attacked Stalin later.

Vichy France

Southern Pro-Nazi French; govern themselves as loyal to Nazis; traitors to the Free French in Northern France.


A program under which the United States supplied U.K, USSR, China, France, and other allied nations with vast amounts of war meterial between 1941 and 1945 in return for, in the case of Britain, Military bases in New Foundland, Bermuda, and the British West Indies. It began in March 1941, nine months before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. It was abruptly stopped by the Americans immediately after V-J day.


Policy by which Czechoslovakia, Great Britain and France agreed to Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland in agreement for not taking any additional Czech territory.

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