Individuals with Disabilities Education Act- Federal law that protects the rights of students with disabilities "free and appropriate education:
Individual Education Plan - Educational team develops the IEP. It is a legal document detailing each student's developmental program.
Least Restrictive Environment. LRE differs depending on the student's skills and abilities. Allow students to be educatied in the most appropriate environment for that student.
How often is IEP reviewed?
At least once each year.
What assessment must be given before IEP is to be written?
Comprehensive communications assessment, given in native language
How to resolve conflicts regarding the IEP?
parents may request an independent review by a hearing.
Who supervises all tutoring?
classroom teacher or teacher of the deaf supervises and plans all tutoring
Who has responsibility for behavior management and student safety?
ALL adults who work in a public school
What is the major goal of education?
Literacy; because it serves at the foundation for learning throughout life.
What is a major goal of Deaf Education?
To help a student acquire sufficient language skills to participate in the general curriculum.
Bilingual educations for d/hh students involves ___ as first language and ___ is learned through print.
Classroom in a public school, but only for the d/hh students.
Mainstreaming or Inclusion
Typically means that a d/hh student receives his/her education withing a genderal education classroom, often with the use of an interpreter.
What "hats" can the interpreter wear?
facilitator, IEP team member, tutor, interpreter
What does interpreter facilitate?
all communication in the classroom, adapts signing level to the needs of the student, assists others in understanding the role, ensures logistics (lignting, seating) and provides information for the sub. interpreters.
What is the interpreter's role as a tutor.
The interpreter can REINFORCE concepts and class content under the direction of a certified teacher.
What is the goal of interpretation?
Message Equivalency. If it is not achieved, the student does not have equal access to the classroom content.
What affects message equivalency?
interpreters language ability, terp's content knowledge, the speaker's rate of delivery, discourse organization, communicative intent, register, etc.
What part of the IEP must the interpreter know?
student's language skills (expressive and receptive), student's cognitive potential, and educational goals
IEP educational team may decide to modify interpreting to support student's learning, rather than _______.
Why shouldn't we "invent" signs?
This may offend and alienate the deaf community. Also, the studnet's linguistic system becomes unique from that of peers, interpreters, and deaf adults.
Why are interpreters with better skills needed with young children?
Younger students are still developing language skills and are less capble of repairing an interpreter's errors.
Why assess interpreted work annually?
Assists in determining where interpreting errors occur and provide guidance in skill development. ALSO, helps others view terp as being qualified.
What are the different models of interpreting?
1. Helper Model 2. Conduit or Machine Model 3. Bilingual-Bicultural Model 4. Ally Model of interpreting for adults
Why do terps need access to class materials and objectives?
In order to prepare. Can understand concepts and cognitively organize the content as well as learn any new vocabulary.
What are the health-related issues for interpreters?
Repetitive motion injury, stress, cognitive fatigue. We must have scheduled breaks for physical rest.
What is "linguistics?"
the systematis study of language.
What are the three dimensions of languages?
form, function and use
Register refers to variations in language based on whom we are talking to and in what setting. Register can indicate different intentions of the speaker.
Syntax refers to rules that govern how we organize words into sentences.
English Syntax uses the ___ of words to structure the sentence.
Pragmatics refers to a person's ability to use language for different functions. It refers to the rules that govern how we use language with other people.
refers to the speech sounds or the individual parts of a sign
refers to whether a language is spoken, written, or signed
___ refers to how a languge stresses words or phrases, and uses intonation to cummunicate meaning. In ASL it involves facial expression, rhythm of signing, the size of signs and body movement.