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15 terms

Ch4 Meyers Practice

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An organism's complete set of genetic instructions is called the
genome
Compared with fraternal twins, identical twins are
more similar in their risk of Alzheimer's and more similar in risk of being emotional unstable
Adoptive parents are LEAST likely to influence the " " of their adopted children.
personality traits
Intense and reactive infants become unusually anxious and aroused when facing new or strange situations. This best illustrates the importance of
temperament
In emphasizing that heredity's effects on behavior depend on a person's home environment, psychologists are highlighting the importance of
nature-nurture interactions
Which of the following is a major source of genetic diversity?
mutations
The prevalence of genetically predisposed traits that have a reproductive advantage is best explained in terms of
natural selection
It has been suggested that older men in all cultures tend to marry women younger than themselves because men are genetically predisposed to seek female features associated with youthful fertility. This suggestion best illustrates
an evolutionary perspective
Premature babies are especially likely to gain weight if stimulated by
touch and massage
At a business meeting, people from one culture behave in a hurried and time-conscious manner that people from another culture consider to be rude and inconsiderate. This best illustrates the importance of being sensitive to differing
norms
Displays of self-effacing humility are most characteristic of those who value
collectivism
Ove the last century, Western parents have placed " " priority on teaching children to respect and obey their parents and " " priority on teaching them loyalty to their country.
decreasing; decreasing
Over the past decades, women have been increasingly expected to take responsibility for political leadership. This best illustrates a change in
gender roles
The acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role is called
gender typing
Concepts of masculinity and femininity that influence our perceptions are called gender
schemas