U.S. History Basic Concepts: Mid Term
Terms in this set (25)
The domination by one country of the political, economic and cultural affairs of another country is called:
What was the code name for the American government's plan to develop nuclear weapons?
In 1823, the U.S. warned European nations to stay out of the Western Hemisphere. This statement became the basis for U.S. foreign policy for years to come:
In 1945, the United Nations held these trials to put the top Nazi officials on trial for war crimes associated with WWII and the Holocaust:
The practice of rewarding one's friends and political backers with government jobs in return for their assistance in your campaign is called the:
Battle of the Bulge
Roughly 20,000 Americans were killed in this battle in 1944, when the Germans counterattacked in the Ardennes Forest, but the Allies pulled through and cleared a path into Germany:
A tax on imported goods is called a:
After countless requests from Winston Churchill, FDR convinced Congress to pass this policy of providing war supplies to Great Britain on credit:
What do you call a legal agreement under which several companies group together to regulate production and eliminate competition?
During WWII, although no evidence was discovered to prove anyone was disloyal, Executive Order 9066 forced over 120,000 Japanese-American citizens to live in these:
What do you call journalists who exposed corruption and abuses of power during the Progressive Movement?
The most violent battle of the war in the Pacific occurred in 1945 when the U.S. and Japan battled viciously for weeks over the this tiny island: (Hint: picture of the Marines raising the American flag)
This American president was a progressive "trust buster" who favored the use of "big stick" diplomacy in foreign affairs:
Dwight D. Eisenhower
The Allied invasion of Normandy in France ("D-Day") was an important turning point in WWII: What American general and future president led that invasion in 1944?
This amendment prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in 1919:
Franklin D. Roosevelt
This American president is most responsible for beginning the "welfare" programs that we now have in the United States, and he asked Congress to aid the Allies during WWII so that Americans could be the great "arsenal of democracy" throughout the world:
This amendment gave women the right to vote:
People who wanted immigration to be slowed down or stopped completely were called:
This organization was formed in 1920 to challenge the constitutionality of laws that violated the Bill of Rights:
The main immigration checkpoint off the coast of New York during the Gilded Age was:
President Woodrow Wilson urged Congress to declare war on WHAT COUNTRY to "make the world safe for democracy" in 1917:
What is the process in which union officials, representing workers, negotiate with management?
League of Nations
Following WWI, President Wilson hoped that this "general assembly of nations" would help prevent any future conflicts, but the U.S. Senate strongly disagreed:
Treaty of Versailles
Following WWI, this agreement harshly punished Germany economically, territorially and militarily, which helped lead to WWII:
Speeches, posters, news broadcasts, etc. that are used by the U.S. government to "sell the war" to the American public are called:
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