Test Two Terms

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Protagonist
Leading Character in drama, film, or novel around whom the events of the narrative's plot revolve and with whom the audience is intended to share the most empathy
Antagonist
Opponent or enemy of protagonist; the character, group of characters, or an institution, who represents the opposition against which the protagonist(s) must contend
Confidante
A person that a character trusts or confides in
Stock Character
A character who fits preconceived notions about type (mad scientist, villain who twirls moustache) They rely heavily on cultural types or names for their personality, manner of speech, and other characteristics.
Archetype
a typical character type; model example (wizard, witch, villain, prince) an image or symbol that is used repeatedly in art or literature; an original model of a person, ideal example, or a prototype after which others are copied, patterned, or emulated
Tragic Hero
main hero in a tragedy; is dignified, courageous, and of high rank but possesses tragic flaw that leads to his ruin. (i.e. anger, jealousy, pride)
Foil
A person that contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight various features of the main character's personality to throw the character of the protagonist into sharper relief.
Metaphor
Direct comparison of unlike things using verb "to be"
Simile
Indirect comparison of unlike things using like or as
Hyperbole
Deliberate exaggeration for effect
Understatement
Deliberate minimalization or passing over in order to show importance
Oxymoron
paired opposites linking paradoxical ideas (loving hate; heavy lightness)
Antithesis
words/phrases linked in a parallel way; phrases show opposite/contrasting meanings (It was the best of times; it was the worst of times)
Personification
abstract concept, animal, object treated as though it were alive or had human attributes
Allusion
a casual reference in literature to a person, place, event, or other passage of literature; can be bible, history, mythology, legend
Setting
locale, historical time, and social circumstances of a work
Foreshadowing
suggesting, hinting, or indicating what will come later in the narrative
Flashback
present action is temporarily interrupted so reader can witness past events- usually memories, dreams, narration, and authorial commentary
Imagery
mental picture created in the reader through evocation of the five senses (touch, taste, hearing, smell, and sight)
Symbol
word, place, character, or object that means something beyond what it is on the literal level
Theme
central idea that unifies and controls a work of literature
Point of View
the way a story gets told and who tells it
Tragic Flaw
the flaw in the protagonist of a tragedy which brings the protagonist to ruin or sorrow (i.e. anger, pride, jealousy)
Connotation
an idea or meaning suggested by or associated with a word or thing
Denotation
dictionary definition of a word
Alliteration
repetition of same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together
Assonance
repetition of same or similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together
Rhyme
repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words that are close together
Meter
a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
Rhythm
musical quality in language produced by repetition
Enjambment
flowing over of one line of poetry to the next without pause or punctuation
End-Stopped
line of poetry stopped by punctuation including semi-colon, comma, or period
Stanza
group of consecutive lines of poetry that form a single unit in a poem
Refrain
repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines in a poem
Quatrain
a stanza made up of four lines unified by an idea
Couplet
pair of lines connected by rhyme or rhythm
Octave
a stanza made up of eight lines of poetry
Sestet
a stanza made up of six lines of poetry
Sonnet
a fourteen line lyric poem usually written in iambic pentameter (10 syllables/line)
Free Verse
poetry that doesn't have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Blank Verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
Allegory
narrative in which characters or setting stand for abstract ideas or moral attitudes
Ambiguity
elements of uncertainty in a text in which something can be interpreted in multiple ways
Analogy
comparison made between two things to show how they are alike
Anecdote
very brief account of a particular incident
Aside
in a play, when a character speaks directly to the audience which the other characters onstage cannot hear
Comedy
a story that ends happily
Dialect
way of speaking that is characteristic of a particular region or group of people
Dialogue
conversation between two or more characters in a story
Diction
author's choice of words
Drama
a story written to be performed before an audience (aka- play)
Dramatic Monologue
a poem in which the speaker addresses a listener or listeners not actually present in order to reflect upon a particular problem or situation
Epic
a long, narrative poem that tells of the exploits of a larger-than-life hero who reflects his society's values
Fable
brief story in prose or verse that teaches a moral or a practical lesson
Folk Tale
anonymous story originally passed down from generation to generation
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