60 terms

muscular system medix

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myosclerosis
Hardening of a muscle
torticollis
stiff neck
myorrhaphy
suturing of a muscle
epimysium
outter covering of a muscle
perimysium
outer covering of small bundles of muscle fibers
endomysium
covering of each muscle fiber
synergist
a muscle functioning in cooperation with another muscle
agonist
a contracting muscle
antagonist
a muscle that oposes the agonist
tendon
attaches muscle to bone
ligament
connects bones to other bones at a joint
myocele
hernation of a muscle
myotrophy
wasting away of a muscle
muscle
tissue composed of fibers that are capable of contraction
myalgia
pain in the muscle
myocyle
muscle cell
myogenesis
formation of muscle cells
myology
study of muscle
myopathy
disease of a muscle
myoplasty
surgical repair of a muscle
myorrhexis
tearing of a muscle
myomalagia
oftening of a muscle
myolysis
destruction of a muscle
sprain
traumatic injury to tendons, muscles, or ligaments around a joint
strain
overstretching of a muscle
achilles tendon
major tendon of the heel
sartorius
muscle that extends from pelvis to calf
muscle tone
partial state of contraction
contracture
permanent contracting of a muscle
tendonitis
infalmmation of a tendon
myoischemia
lack of oxygen in muscle tissue, due to lack of blood supply
myoedema
swelling of a muscle
physical therapy
branch of medicine that deals with the restoration of strength and function to injured structures
myodynia
pain in the muscle
striated
striped appearance of muscles
fascia
band of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and seperates muscle
kinesology
study of muscular activity and movement of body parts
tonus
normal state of balanced muscle tension present in body when one is awake
flexion
decreasing the angle between two bones or bending a limb at a joint
extension
increasing the angle between two bones or straightening a joint
hyperextension
overextension of a limb or body part beyond its normal limit
elevation
lifting a body part
depression
lowering a body part
rotation
circular movement around an axis
circumduction
circular movement of a limb at the far end
supination
rotating the arm or leg so the palm of the hand or sole of the foot is turned upward or forward
pronation
rotating the arm or leg so the palm of the hand or sole of the foot is turned downward or backward
muscle origin
place where the muscle originates
muscle insertion
place where the muscle ends
electromyography
records the strength of muscle contractions as the result of electrical stimulation
epicondylitis
inflammation of tissues around the elbow
ataxia
inability to coordinate the muscles in the execution of voluntary movement
hypertrophy
over development of a muscle
myofibrils
skeletal muscle fibers
atonic
lacking normal muscle tone
dystonia
abnormal muscle tone
myotonia
delayed relaxation of a muscle after a strong contraction
myasthenia gravis
autoimmune disorder characterized by muscle weakness, chiefly of muscles innervated by cranial nerves
myonecrosis
death of individual muscle fibers
viseralgia
pain in the visvera