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42 terms

CNA Written Test

Study guide for CNA Written Test
STUDY
PLAY
Medicare
Benefits to those age 65+ or disabled
Medicaid
Federal program that provides medical benefits for low-income persons.
OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OBRA
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
Chronic Illness
An Illness that lasts a long time
Acute Illness
An illness of short duration
Nosocomial Infection
An infection acquired in a hospital
verbal, body language
Ways to communicate:
Supine
back side down
Prone
Stomach down
Sims
What position is used for rectal treatments-enemas, etc.?
Atrophy
to waste away
Contract
to draw together, to reduce in size
Supine with high fowlers
What is the best position for using a bedpan?
Aspirate
If a patient is likely to vomit do not position him on his back because he could:
Impaction
Painful/ Absence of bowel/ liquid movements are symptoms of:
Nurse
If an alarm goes off on a patient with a feeding tube you should get the:
An opening in the colon
What is a colostomy
Non verbal behaviour
N _ _ _ _ r _ _ l b _ _ _ v _ _ u _ is more accurate because people don't always mean what they say
Clean
uncontaminated; free from known pathogenic organisms.
Sterile
free from all micro-organisms
Skin
______ can NOT be sterilized.
Restraints
protective devices used to limit physical activity of the client or a part of the client's body
Blood Borne Pathogen
disease causing microorganisms that are carried and transmitted through contact with the host's blood
warm, dark, moist
Micro-organisms survive best in _ _ _ m , _ _ _ k , m _ _ _ t environments that contain oxygen and nourishment.
negligence
Failure to act as an average nursing assistant would act under the same circumstance.
gross negligence
Person shows so little care it appears that they are indifferent to the welfare of others
Body Mechanics
The proper use of the body to facilitate lifting and moving and preventing injury.
False
True or False:
Everyone gets dementia as age
98.6 F / 37.0 C, 101.0 F / 37.5 C, 97.6 F / 36.4 C
Normal Oral Temperature: ____
Normal Rectal Temperature:____
Normal Axillary Temperature:____
60-90, 80-115
Normal adult Pulse: ____
Normal child pulse:______
12-20
Normal Respiration
100-140, 60-90
Blood Pressure:
Systolic-_____
Diastolic-_____
Apical Pulse
found only with a stethoscope at the apex of the heart just under the left breast
Front, Back
It is important to wipe female patients from _____ to _____.
Every two hours
Prevent bed sores by repositioning _____ ___ _____.
twice
Unconscious Resident Mouth Care:
All residents should receive oral hygiene ____ daily and as needed.
30, head
Unconscious Resident Mouth Care:
HOB raised to at least __ degrees, turn ____ to the side.
healing, swelling, pain
Applying Heat:
Heat is used to speed up the ______ process, to decrease ______, or relieve _____.
swelling, bleeding, pain, body
Applying Cold:
Cold is used to prevent ______, control _______, relieve _____, or lower _____ temperature.
Negligence
If you drop someone's dentures you are guilty of __________.
Bed Bath
Completely washing the patients entire body from head to toe if they are bedridden or on bedrest.