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46 terms

Patient Care chpt 13 - 15

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Base of Support
Foundation on which a body rests or stands; when a person is standing, the feet and the space between them
Biomechanics
study of the laws of physics, specifically the laws of mechanics, as they apply to living bodies at rest and in motion
Center of Gravity
hypothetical point around which all mass appears to be concentrated
Mobility Muscles
muscles that are found in the four extremities and that are designed for movement; biceps femoris
Orthostatic Hypotension
Drop in blood pressure when a person stands up quickly from a sitting or supine position
Stability Muscles
muscles that support the torso and are designed to provide postural stability; latissimus dorsi
Ambulatory
able to walk
Anteroposterior
direction of x-ray beam from front to back
Artifact
substance or structure not naturally present but of which an authentic image appears on a radiograph
Axial Projection
Any projection not at right angles to the long axis of an anatomic structure
Empathy
recognition of and entering into the feelings of another person
Flexion
Act of bending or condition of being bent
Geriatric
Pertaining to the treatment of the aged
Immobilization
Act of rendering immovable
Neonate
newborn infant
Pediatric
Pertaining to the branch of medicine that treats children
Plantar Surface
sole of the foot
Rapport
relation of harmony and accord between two persons
Restraint
hindrance of an action (movement)
Trauma
wound or injury
Apnea
cessation of spontaneous ventilation
Auscultation
listening to sounds of the body, typically through the use of a stethoscope
Atelectasis
absence of gas from part or the whole of the lungs as a result of failure of expansion or reabsorption of gas from the alveoli
Body Temperature
measurement of the degree of heat of the deep tissues of the human body
Bradycardia
slowness of the heartbeat as evidenced by slowing of the pulse rate to less than 60 beats per minute
Bradypnea
abnormal slowness of breathing
Diaphoresis
profuse sweating
Diastolic
pertaining to dilation, or a period of dilatation, of the heart, especially of the ventricles
Dyspnea
difficult or labored breathing
Febrile
pertaining to or characterized by fever
Homeostasis
constancy in the internal environment of the body, naturally maintained by adaptive responses that promote healthy survival
Hypertension
persistently high arterial blood pressure
Hyperthermia
abnormally high body temperature, especially that induced for therapeutic purposes
Hypotension
abnormally low blood pressure; seen in shock but not necessarily indicative of shock
Hypothermia
low body temperature
Hypoxemia
decreased oxygen tension (concentration) in the blood
Hypoxia
the reduction of exygen supply to the tissue
Intubation
Insertion of a tubular device into a canal, hollow organ, or cavity
Pleural Effusion
increased amounts of fluid within the pleural cavity, usually the result of inflammation
Pneumothorax
presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity
Pulse Oximeter
photoelectric device used for determining the oxygen saturation of the blood
Sphygmomanometer
instrument for measuring blood pressure
Systolic
pertaining to contraction, or a period of contraction, of the heart (myocardium), especially that of the ventricles
Tachycardia
rapidity of the heart action, usually defined as a heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute
Tachypnea
abnormal rapidity of breathing
Ventilation
mechanical movement of air into and out of the lungs