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160 terms

Vocabulary Workshop Level D Unit 7 - 15

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annex
to add to, attach; to incorporate; an attachment or addition
cleave
to cut or split open; to cling to
cordial
in a friendly manner, hearty; cheery; a liqueur
cornerstone
the starting point of a building; a fundamental principle or element
debacle
an overwhelming defeat, rout; a complete collapse or failure
devitalize
to make weak or lifeless
embroil
to involve in a conflict or difficulty; to throw into confusion
exonerate
to clear from a charge or accusation
glib
ready and fluent in speech; thoughtless, insincere
haphazard
by chance, not planned; lacking in order
improvise
to compose or perform without preparation; to construct from available materials
incite
to rouse, stir up, urge on
influx
a coming in, inflow
pallor
an extreme or unnatural paleness
pedigree
a list of ancestors, family tree; the history or origin of something
precipitous
very steep
profuse
very abundant; given or flowing freely
reconcile
to restore to friendship; to settle; to resign (oneself)
shackle
to put into chains; a chain, fetter
threadbare
shabby, old and worn
adieu
"Farewell"; a farewell
advent
an arrival; a coming into place or view
apex
the highest point; tip
assimilate
to absorb fully or make one's own; to adopt as one's own; to adapt fully
bogus
false; counterfeit
exorbitant
unreasonably high; excessive
interim
the time between; temporary, coming between two points in time
inundate
to flood; over flow; to overwhelm by numbers or size
malign
to speak evil of; slander; evil
meander
to wander about; wind about; a sharp turn or twist
metropolis
a large city; the chief city of an area
momentous
very important
obstreperous
noisy; unruly; disorderly
pensive
thoughtful; melancholy
perilous
dangerous
shoddy
of poor quality; characterized by inferior; dishonest workmanship
sprightly
lively; full of life; spicy, flavorful
surly
angry and bad-tempered; rude
tirade
a long, angry speech, usually very critical
vagrant
an idle wanderer, tramp; wandering aimlessly
assurance
a pledge; freedom from doubt, self confidence
asylum
an institution for care of children, elderly people, etc; a place of safety
console
to comfort; the keyboard of an organ; a control panel for an electrical or mechanical device
dilate
to make or become larger or wider; to expand upon
dross
refuse, waste products
dwindle
to lessen, diminish
flippant
lacking in seriousness; disrespectful, saucy
immunity
resistance to disease; freedom from some charge or obligation
institute
to establish, set up; an organization for the promotion of learning
liability
a debt; some disadvantageous
preposterous
ridiculous, senseless
pugnacious
quarrelsome, fond of fighting
rabid
furious; violently intense, unreasonably extreme; mad, infected with rabies
realm
a kingdom, a region or field ofstudy
rejuvenate
to make young again, to renew
remunerate
to reward, pay, reimburse
sparse
meager, scant; scattered
sterling
genuine, excellent; of standard quality
venture
a risky or daring undertaking; to expose to danger; to dare
warp
to twist out of shape; an abnormally
auxiliary
giving assistance or support; a helper, aid
candid
frank, sincere; impartial; unposed
cubicle
a small room or compartment
drudgery
work that is hard and tiresome
envoy
a representative or messenger (as of government)
escalate
to elevate; to increase in intensity
expedient
a means to an end; advantageous, useful
feign
to pretend
flair
a natural quality, talent, or skill; a distinctive style
grievous
causing sorrow or pain; serious
heterogeneous
composed of different kinds; diverse
horde
a vast number (as of people); a throng
impel
to force, drive forward
incredulous
disbelieving, skeptical
inscribe
to write or engrave; to enter a name on a list
monologue
a speech by one actor; a long talk by one person
prognosis
a forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disease or situation
rasping
with a harsh, grating sound, a harsh sound
repugnant
offensive, disagreeable, distasteful
scuttle
to sink a ship by cutting holes in it; to get rid of something in a decisive way; to run hastily, scurry; a pail
adept
thoroughly skilled, an expert
aspire
to have ambitious hopes or plans, strive toward a higher goal, desire earnestly; to ascend
bleak
bare, dreary, dismal
chide
to blame, scold
despicable
worthy of scorn, contemptible
diminutive
small, smaller than most others of the same type
emancipate
to free from slavery; to release or liberate
erroneous
incorrect, containing mistakes
exploit
to make use of, develop; to make improper use of for personal profit, a feat, deed
extemporaneous
made or delivered on the spur of the moment
impair
to make imperfect, damage, harm
invincible
not able to be defeated, unbeatable
languid
drooping, without energy, sluggish
mire
mud; wet, swampy ground; a tough situation; to get stuck
obtrusive
forward, undesirably prominent; thrust out
preamble
an introduction to a speech or piece of writing
render
to cause to become, to perform, to deliver officially, to process, extract
rugged
rough, irregular; severe, stern, strong, stormy
skeptical
inclined to doubt, slow to accept something as true
slipshod
untidy in dress, personal habits, etc; careless, sloppy
brevity
shortness
comport
to conduct or bear oneself, behave; to be in agreement
concise
expressing much in few words
demure
sober or serious in manner, modest
depreciation
a lessening in value; a belittling
deteriorate
to lower in quality or value; to wear away
divulge
to tell, reveal; to make public
enlightened
free from ignorance and false ideas; possessing sound understanding
forestall
to prevent by acting first
garble
to distort in such a way as to make unintelligible
proponent
one who puts forward a proposal; one who supports a cause or belief
quaver
to shake, tremble; to trill
recoil
to spring back, shrink; the act of springing back
recoup
to make up for, regain
reek
an unpleasant smell; to give off unpleasant smells; to give a strong impression
relentless
unyielding, harsh, without pity
rivulet
a small stream
squander
to spend foolishly, waste
staccato
detached or disconnected in sound or style
statute
a law
appreciable
sufficient to be noticed or measured
autocratic
absolute in power or authority
blanch
to remove the color from; to make or turn pale; to parboil
blasphemy
an act, utterance, or writing showing contempt for something sacred
brawny
strong, muscular
concerted
planed or performed in cooperation with others
contend
to fight, struggle; to compete; to argue
humane
kind, merciful
illustrious
very famous, distinguished
intolerable
unbearable
irreverent
disrespectful
laborious
not easy, requiring hard work, hardworking
lithe
bending easily, limber
maltreat
to abuse, use roughly or cruelly
ponder
to consider carefully, reflect on
subversive
intended to undermine or overthrow; one who advocates or attempts to undermine a political system
synthetic
made or put together by people; something artificial
temperate
mild, moderate
venomous
poisonous, spiteful, mean
wily
sly, shrewd, cunning
ad infinitum
endlessly
apportion
to divide and give out in shares
bona fide
genuine; sincere
buoyant
able to float easily; able to hold things up; cheerful, hopeful
clique
a small, exclusive group of people
concede
to admit as true; to yield, submit
congenial
getting on well with others; agreeable, pleasant
lofty
very high; noble
migration
a movement from one country or region to another
perceive
to be aware of through the senses, observe; to grasp mentally
perverse
inclined to go against what is expected; stubborn; turned away from what is good or proper
prelude
an introduction; that which comes before or leads off
rancid
stale, spoiled
rustic
country like, simple, plain; awkward; one who lives in the country
sever
to separate, divide into parts
sordid
wretchedly poor; run-down; mean or selfish
untenable
not capable of being held or defended; impossible to maintain
versatile
able to do many things well; capable of many uses
vindicate
to clear from hint or charge of wrongdoing; to defend successfully against opposition; to justify
wane
to lose size, strength, or power