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whether actions are right or wrong




bad, evil


an official letter from the pope, usually addressed to all the Church

informed conscience

a conscience that is educated and developed through constant use and examination and must be actively formed and developed

lax conscience

a process of conscientious decision making, action on instinct or desire and not facing or thinking about the morality of actions they perform (to "not decide" is to decide to ignore cons)


exception (not the rule) and classification for people who have no sense of right and wrong

natural law

unique human sense of humanity

human dignity

permanent self-worth and respect

sin of omission

cheap grace, failing to do good, when you can do good


vocare - to call -> calling

cheap grace

feel good Christianity with no dedication/work

actual grace

grace granted with specific need

Dietrich Boenhoffer

He wrote about sin of omission (not doing anything) during the Holocaust and he was killed 2 weeks before in concentration camp

Cesar Chavez

led protest to draw attention to the suffering of migrant workers in CA


inner voice

Jiminy Cricket

symbolic of a conscience "inner voice"

erroneous conscience

has gone through a process of moral decision making and decides wrongly

santifying grace

constant presence


book with catholic rules/beliefs on moral issues

the phrase "Jesus is Lord"

a subversive phrase because Caesar was thought to be the Lord


killing of child after conception, Church is against because human life is sacred


cannot make an evil act good, can increase/decrease evil or goodness, responsibility

inclination toward the good

this can be distorted by sin, but it is still true that to be a human is to be a seeker of what is good, and is part of our essential human dignity

3 elements of moral decision making

1) object chosen (decision, action)
2) intention of the action (why?)
3) circumstances (context)

4 ground rules of moral decision making

1) the evil is not justified by a good intention
2) an evil action is not justified by a good result
3) circumstances are always secondary
4) an evil intention corrupts a good action


Jesus raising back from the dead on the 3rd day


counters the shame of crucifixion and it place outside of space and time

feelings and conscience

you can't make moral decisions about feelings


the emphasis on material objects

celebrity fascination

idolizing people- draws away from God

capital punishment

death penalty

cheating and plagiarism

dishonestly doing something w/improper access to the answers, take someone's ideas as your own

Matthew's Theme and Community

Theme: Jesus as Jewish Messiah
Community: Jewish Chrstians

Mark's Theme and Community

Theme: Human Suffering Jesus
Community: Christians being persecuted by Nero

Luke's Theme and Community

Theme: compassionate and merciful Jesus
Community: Wealthy Gentiles

John's Theme and Community

Theme: Jesus as Divine Son of God
Community: Jewish Christians ostracized by other Jews

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