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World Geography Southwest Asia
Terms in this set (57)
Southwest Asia forms a _________ connecting Asia, Africa, and Europe.
The most distinctive landform in Southwest Asia is the Arabian Peninsula, which is surrounded by the _________ on the southwest and the _________ on the east.
Red Sea; Persian Gulf
Also, on the southwest side of the Arabian Peninsula is a strategic opening to the Mediterranean Sea- the ____________.
The Anatolian Peninsula is located between the ______ Sea and the ________ Sea.
Most of the land on the Arabian Peninsula is barren with some low hills, ridges, and _________, which are riverbeds that remain dry except during the rainy seasons.
The heart of Iran is a _______ surrounded by mountains.
The ____________ Mountains of Afghanistan are linked with other ranges of mountains that frame Southern Asia.
Two of the most important rivers-- the _______ and the ____________-- supported several ancient river valley civilizations.
The _________ has no outlet to the sea, but it's waters mingle with the salty of the ________, a landlocked salt lake.
Jordan River; Dead Sea
The most abundant resource is Southwest Asia is ________.
In parts of Southwest Asia, _______ is a scarce resource that must be constantly guarded and carefully used.
Southwest Asia is extremely _______. The vegetation and animals living in the desert can survive on little _______ and in extreme _______.
Arid; water; temperatures
In other parts of the region, a ________ climate prevails, making the land green and lush for at least part of each year.
The most famous desert in the region is the ____________, also known as the Empty Quarter. During the _______, the temperate on the surface of the sand can exceed 186 degrees F.
Next to the desert is the _________ Desert. Sever sandstorms and brutal heat make this desert a barrier to travel across the Arabian Peninsula.
I'm Iran, the high mountains block rain, and dry winds increase evaporation. So when winds evaporate the moisture in the soil, chemical salts remain creating a _________.
On the fringes of the deserts are regions with a semi arid climate. These regions offer good pasture lands for grazing animals. In Turkey, large herds of _________ graze in these lands. Their hair, and fabrics made from it, are among Turkey's exports.
Southwest Asia does have some areas with adequate rainfall. Along the Mediterranean coast, and most of Turkey, hot summers and rainy winters create a good climate for growing ______ fruits, _______ and vegetables.
The most critical resource in Southwest Asia is water. Turkey is building a series of dams and a man-made lake on the upper _________ River. The dams and lake will provide water and ________ for parts of the country.
The ______________ project I'm Israel carries water from north of the country to sites in the center and south of the nation.
National Water Carrier
Some of the countries in the region are developing ways to use ocean water. _________, the removal of salt for the ocean water, is done at technically sophisticated water treatment plants.
Water pumped from underground aquifers is called ________, because it has been in an aquifer for a long period of time.
The oil fields discovered in the sands of Southwest Asia have been a bonanza for the region. These fields contain about two-thirds of all the petroleum reserves in the _________.
Oil and natural gas do not exist in large pools beneath the ground but are trapped inside ________.
The first Southwest Asia oil discovery was in 1908 in _________, now known as Iran.
Petroleum that has not been processed is called ________. This oil must be moved to a __________, where it is converted into useful products.
Crude oil; refinery
Moving oil from one location to another always involves the risk of _________. Most modern tankers have a double hull to help prevent this type of accident.
Country: Saudi Arabia
Country: United Arab Emigrates
United Arab Emirates
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