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37 terms

Global History Chapter 14

STUDY
PLAY
Moluccas
isalnd chain in present-day Indonesia, which Europeans then called the Spice Islands
Prince Henry
led the way in sponsoring exploration for Portugal, a small nation next to Spain
cartographer
mapmakers
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese navigator in 1497; followed in Dias's footsteps
-lead four ships around the Cape of Good Hope
Christopher Columbus
italian navigator from Genoa
-wanted to reach the East Indies
-sailed west across the Atlantic
Line of Demarcation
a line dividing the non-European world in to two zones
-Spain had trading and exploration rights in any lands west of the line
-Portugal had the same rights east of the line
Treaty of Tordesillas
-signed between the 2 countries in 1949 (Portugal and Spain) separated the two countries
Ferdinand Magellan
set out from Spain with 5 ships to find a way to reach the Pacific
-ships sailed South and West
-landed on South America
circumnavigate
sail around
-hub of international trade
Mombasa
an East Africa coastal city
Malindi
an East Africa coastal city
-hub of international trade
plantation
large estates run by an owner or an owner's overseer-in the Americas and elsewhere
Affonso I
ruler of Kongo in west central Africa
missionary
people who hoped to convert Africans to Christianity
Asante kingdom
-emerged in the area-Ghana
Osei Tutu
won control of the trading city of Kumasi
-conquered neighboring peoples and unified the Asante Kingdom
monopoly
exclusive control of business or industry
Oyo empire
arose from successive waves of settlement by the Yoruba-Nigeria
-1600s
-began as a relatively smaal kingdom in the forest
Cape town
the 1st permanent European settlement, to supply ships sailing to or from the East Indies
Boers
dutch farmers
-settled around Cape Town
Afonso de Albuquerque
commander
-burst into the Indian Ocean w/Portuguese
Mughal Empire
Muslims from central Asia est. it throughout much of India
Goa
off the coast of india
-Portuguese made it their major military amd commercial base
Malacca
-Portuguese conquered it in the East Indies
-in 1511, massacring the city's Muslims
outpost
distant areas under the control of the Portuguese
Dutch East India Company
in 1602, group of wealthy Dutch merchants formed this with an unusual amount of power
sovereign
having full independant power
Philippines
Spain took over the...Magellan had conquered and colonized the islands
-naming them from the Spanish King Philip II
sepoys
Indian troops
Macao
the Ming eventually allowed the Portuguese a trading post at... near Canton
Guangzhou
a coastal city in Southeastern China, also known as Canton
Matteo Ricci
brilliant Jesuit priest
-made particular strong impression on the Chinese
Manchus
ruled a region in the northeast
-invaders from the north
-had long been influenced by Chinese Civilization
Qing
dynasty set up by the Machus
Qianlong
kangxi's grandson...had an equal successful reign from 1736-1796
-expanded china's borders to rule the largest area in the nation's history
Lord Macartney
arrived in China at the head of a British diplomatic mission
-bought samples of British-made goods to show the Chinese, who looked at the goods as rather crude products, thought they were a gift to the emperor
Nagasaki
small island that was used for trading every year with just one or two Dutch ships
-harbor