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Chapter 8, The Presidency

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Faithful Execution of the Laws
Article II, Section 3, Clause 4 of the U.S. Constitution is the Faithful Execution Clause. The point of this is that President must ensure that all laws are followed and executed correctly and fairly.
Presidential Succession
President.
Vice President.
Speaker of the House.
President Pro Tempore.
Secretary of the State.
22nd Amendment
Limited president to two terms, 10 years.
25th Amendment
Established order of presidential succession and spelled out what happens when vice presidency becomes vacant.
Election of 1800
The Democratic-Republicans won the majority of the votes from electors, but Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr both ended up with 73 votes for the presidency, so the vote went to the House. The House was run by the Federalists who favored Burr, unlike most of the nation. It took thirty-six rounds of votes to elect Jefferson as president.
12th Amendment
Requires that electors cast separate ballots for president and vice president.
If no candidate receives a majority, the House chooses form top 3.
If no vice presidential candidate receives majority, Senate chooses from top two.
Inner Cabinet
Secretary of Defense, State, Treasury, and Attorney General.
Central Clearance
Office of Management and Budget's review of all legislative proposals that executive agencies prepare.
Council of Economic Advisers
This was created in 1946 in response to the Great Depression. It's purpose is to assist the president with formulating the nation's economic policy.
Economic Report of the President
This is a report created by the Council of Economic Advisers. It contains important information and advice to the president.
Reorganization Act of 1939
Gave the president the right to hire personal staff.
Factors in Selecting Cabinet Members
Gender, Race, Religion, ability to perform the job well, etc...