42 terms

Romeo and Juliet: Act 1 & 2

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Terms in this set (...)

pernicious
having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual way
augmenting
make something greater by adding to it
grievance
a real or imagined wrong or other cause for complaint or protest
portentuous
giving a sign or warning that something usually bad or unpleasant is going to happen
prodigous
impressively great in extent; unnatural
chided
to scold or rebuke
rancor
bitterness or resentfulness
predominant
present as the strongest or main element
lamentable
deplorably bad or unsatisfactory
foil
a character used to highlight or emphasize (by contrast) the traits of a protagonist
example of foil
Mercutio & Romeo; Lady Capulet & Nurse
foreshadowing
hinting at further events
example of foreshadowing
the prologue; "your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace"
hyperbole
exaggeration for effect
example of hyperbole
Romeo's expression of love towards Juliet
pun
a play on words based on multiple meanings
example of pun
Mercutio and Benvolio's pun off in Act 2 Scene 4; "draw your neck out of collar"
conflict
struggle between opposing forces
example of conflict
Romeo is a Montague and Juliet is a Capulet; Benvolio and Tybalt's fight near the beginning
oxymoron
figure of speech that combines contradictory terms
examples of oxymoron
feather of lead
bright smoke
loving hate
serious vanity
juxtaposition
arranging two ideas, settings, characters, etc. together for comparison
dramatic irony
words and actions of the character have a different meaning to the audience than to the character
example of dramatic irony
when Juliet thinks she is talking to herself on the balcony; the Nurse and Romeo talking about marriage
imagery
vivid description appealing the the senses
example of imagery
Romeo talking about Juliet
malapropism
comical misuse of a word
example of a malapropism
when the nurse says "I desire some confidence with you" confidence was supposed to be conference meaning secretive
motif
recurring element that has symbolic significance
example of motif
Romeo's references to the sun and moon
direct characterization
author (narrator) directly describes a character
example of direct characterization
prologue of act 2; "With tender Juliet matched, is now not fair. Now Romeo is beloved and loves again
indirect characterization
use of words, actions, appearance, thoughts to describe a character
example of indirect characterization
Romeo talking about Juliet, her appearance, we character, naïve
Romeo
depressed, sensitive, in love, "Ay, me! Sad hours seem long", "And she's fair I love"
Juliet
naïve, impatient, in love, "And palm to palm is holy palmers kiss"
The Nurse
scatter brained, discursive, bold, whole time she was talking to Romeo
Benvolio
peaceful, brother like, "I do but keep the peace", "I'all know his grievance or be much denied"
Mercutio
witty, playful, "Where the devil should this Romeo be?"
Lord Capulet
prudent, protective, "My child is a stranger in the world"
Paris
presumptuous, arrogant, "Younger than she are happy mothers made"
Tybalt
vain, violent, "I hate the word as I hate hell"