5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Jan Hus
- Henry VII
- Charles VIII
- a the Roman Catholic doctrine that the whole substance of the bread and the wine changes into the substance of the body and blood of Christ when consecrated in the Eucharist
- b Czechoslovakian religious reformer who anticipated the Reformation, questioned transubstantiation, burned at stake
- c releases or exemptions from obligations
- d French king, invited by Sforza to invade Florence, fought over Italy with Ferdinand of Aragon in the first of many French Italian wars. In 1494, he controlled Florence, the Papal States, and Naples.
- e The first Tudor king that worked to establish a strong monarchical government and ended the private wars of nobles in England.
5 Multiple choice questions
- king of France from 1547 to 1559, lost war to the Hapsburgs
- (1461-1483) French king, nicknamed the"Spider King," manipulated the Estates-General to gain a permanent taille, took over part of Burgandy when Charles the Bold died
- (1401-1428) A painter who used the inspiration of the ancients to put a new emphasis on nature
- Leader of Swiss Reformation. Agreed to disagree with Luther about communion. He thought it was only a symbol, and that it wasn't Christ's body or blood untill it touched your mouth, only symbolic.
- Italian painter whose many paintings exemplify the ideals of the High Renaissance (1483-1520), produced "works of harmony, beauty and serenity"
5 True/False questions
Great Schism → a period of division in the Roman Catholic Church, 1378-1417, over papal succession, during which there were two, or sometimes three, claimants to the papal office
Predestination → doctrine of John Calvin that adhered to the idea that each person's fate is predetermined by god
Giotto → Greatest Renaissance painter in Venice, used vivid color and movement, which was the opposite of the subtle colors and static figures in Florentine paintings.
Ninety-five theses → invented by Johann Gutenberg in 1454; first book was Gutenberg Bible; changed private and public lives of Europeans; used for war declarations, battle accounts, treaties, propaganda; laid basis for formation of distinct political parties; enhanced literacy, people sought books on all subjects
Martin Luther → Wrote The Courtier which was about education and manners and had a great influence. It said that an upper class, educated man should know many academic subjects and should be trained in music, dance, and art.