30 terms

Unit 5 vocabulary: Chapter 35


Terms in this set (...)

Ashlar masonry
Carefully cut and regularly shaped blocks of stone used in construction, fitted together without mortar.
Centzon Huitznahua
were the gods of the southern stars. They are the evil elder sons of Coatlicue, and their sister is Coyolxauhqui. They and their sister tried to murder their mother upon learning of her pregnancy with Huitzilopochtli; their plan was thwarted when their brother sprang from the womb—fully grown and garbed for battle—and killed them all.
is the Aztec goddess who gave birth to the moon, stars, and Huitzilopochtli, the god of the sun and war.
was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire
was the Moon goddess according the Aztec mythology. Her name means "Golden Bells."
Cuzco Valley
a city in the Peruvian Andes, was once capital of the Inca empire, and is now known for its archaeological remains and Spanish colonial architecture.
the god of the sun and war
Andean record-keeping device consisting of numerous knotted strings hanging from a main cord; the strings signified, by position and color, numbers and categories of things.
was a god of the dead and the king of Mictlan (Chicunauhmictlan), the lowest and northernmost section of the underworld
Moctezuma II
was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520. The first contact between indigenous civilizations of Mesoamerica and Europeans took place during his reign, and he was killed during the initial stages of the Spanish conquest of Mexico, when Conquistador Hernán Cortés and his men fought to escape from the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan.
is a Mesoamerican deity whose name comes from the Nahuatl language and means "feathered serpent".
a manuscript scroll; predecessor of the codex.
In Mesoamerican architecture, the erection of a new structure on top of, and incorporating, an earlier structure; the nesting of a series of buildings inside each other.
was an Aztec altepetl located on an island in Lake Texcoco, in the Valley of Mexico.
is the Earth Goddess
Xipe Totec
was a life-death-rebirth deity, god of agriculture, vegetation, the east, disease, spring, goldsmiths, silversmiths, liberation and the seasons; connected agricultural renewal with warfare; appears in codices with his right hand upraised and his left hand extending towards the front
is a creature described as dog-like, its waterproof fur often clumping up to create spikes (hence its name); has hands capable of manipulation and an additional hand on its tail; is feared due to its liking for human flesh, especially nails, eyes, and teeth. It is said to live in or near the water and to use the hand on the end of its tail to snatch its prey, dragging the person into the depths to drown them. Victims of it, Aztec beliefs state, are destined for the paradise of the god Tlaloc
feather artisans
is a type of Mesoamerican agriculture which used small, rectangular areas of fertile arable land to grow crops on the shallow lake beds in the Valley of Mexico.
is an elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols, intended to represent a readable character for the purposes of writing.
Lake Texcoco
was a natural lake within the Valley of Mexico. The Aztecs built the city of Tenochtitlan on an island in the lake. The Spaniards built Mexico City over Tenochtitlan
sacrificial offerings?
Templo Mayor
was one of the main temples of the Aztecs in their capital city of Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City. Its architectural style belongs to the late Postclassic period of Mesoamerica.
unable to find
was an important deity in Aztec religion; as supreme god of the rains, he was also by extension a god of fertility and of water
is the Nahuatl term for the ruler of an altepetl, a pre-Hispanic state. The word literally means "speaker", but may be translated into English as "king".
unable to find
is a type of wooden rack used for the public display of human skulls, typically those of war captives or other sacrificial victims
Captive striped in red for aztec sacrifice?
is a feminine personal name of Náhuatl origin whose meaning is "heart"