34 terms

Civil Liberties - Court Cases

Marbury vs. Madison
First time supreme court used power of judicial review
Lemon v. Kurtsman
Purpose of legislation must be secular, can't advance or inhibit any religion, and doesn't foster excessive government entanglement
Cochran v. Louisiana
Tax money can be used for any non-religious school materials
Barnette (1943)
Can't be forced to recite the Pledge of Allegiance at school
McCullum (1948)
Can't use tax money for religious education
Engle v. Vitale
No prayer in school
Abington v. Schempp
Bible readings can't be used in class, except as an instructional tool
Lee v. Weisman
Religious exercises at graduation are unconstitutional
Santa Fe v. Doe
Student lead prayer at public school events are unconstitutional
Vewdow v. Elk Grove Unified Schools
Is one Nation Under God unconstitutional?
Zelman v. Simons
School voucher programs are constitutional
Locke v. Davey
States have the right to exclude theological studies from state funding if they choose
Fire/ clear and present danger
Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire
Hostile/adversarial speech is not protected
Bethel v. Fraser
Schools can sensor speech
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeir
Schools can censor school newspapers
Tinker v. Des Moines
Expression is allowed at school, so long as the mission isn't disrupted
Johnson v. Texas
Flag burning is a form of protected expression
Virginia v. Black
State cross burning bans upheld as constitutional
Mapp v. Ohio
Applies exclusionary rule to the states
Minnesota v. Carter
Guests in a home are not protected by the 4th unless they are invited and are overnight guests
City of Indianapolis v. Edmond
Police can't use road blocks to look for evidence of some nonspecific crime
Goss v. Lopez
Students have a right to due process before being expelled or suspended more than 10 days
Miranda v. Arizona
Suspect must be told of their rights
Race can't be sole determinant of challenging prospective jury member
Gideon v. Wainright
Right to attorney if you can't afford one
Furman v. Georgia
Death penalty ceased in US
Gregg v. Georgia
Death penalty legal in under certain conditions
Stanford v. Kentucky
Minimum age for capital punishment is 16
Atkins v. Virginia
Can't execute the mentally ill
Romper v. Simmons
Can't execute those under 18
Loving v. Virginia
Law banning blacks and whites from being married is unconstitutional
Griswold v. Connecticut
States can't interfere with right to birth control
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy