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219 terms

French Musical Terms

165-219 are English to French instead of French to English
STUDY
PLAY
à, au
to [the], in the manner of
assez
quite, rather, fairly
alte
high, higher
encore
again, repeat
extrèmement
extremely
enchaînez
["attach"] proceed without stopping
basse
low, lower
cadence
extended improvisatory section
debut
beginning
coda
section added to end
comme
as, as if, like
avec
with [the]
de, du
from [the], of [the]
divisés
divided
et
and
fin
end
glissant
sliding from one pitch to another
le, la, les
the
lié
["tied"] smoothly, slurred
le même, la même
the same
mais
but
martelé
["hammered"] sharp, forceful, with quick releases
moins
less
demi-, mi-
half
mode ordinaire
[return to] normal manner of execution
très
very
changez en
change to
non, pas
not
ou
or
autrement
["or rather"] alternate passage
octave
octave
plus
more
[un] peu
little
louré
["carried"] semi-detached, between legato and staccato
premier, première
first, at first
signe
sign
toujours
always, still
sans
without
de même
similarly
sourdine
mute
détaché
["separated"] detached [technically half the note value]
subitement
sudden[ly], immediate[ly]
sur
on [the], near [the], at [the]
se tait
["is silent"] does not play
trémolo
rapid repetition of a note or alternation of notes
trop
too, too much
tous
all
un, une
a, one
unis
[in] unison
lent
slowly
large
broadly
un peu lent
somewhat faster than largo
à l'aise
["at ease"] easily, unhurried
un peu à l'aise
somewhat faster than adagio
allant
["walking"] flowing
un peu allant
somewhat close to andante (somewhat faster or slower)
modéré
moderately, neither slow nor fast
un peu animé
somewhat slower than allegro
animé
lively
vite
fast
très vite
very fast
au mouvement
[return to] regular tempo
accélérez, serrez
becoming faster
élargissant
broadening
mouvement redoublé
twice as fast
gravement
solemnly
mouvementé
["moved"] moving, agitated
mouvement
motion
ralentissez
becoming slower
cédez
["delaying"] gradually slowing
retenu
["kept back"] immediately slower
dérobé
["robbed"] flexible tempo
soutenu
sustained
pressez
["squeezing"] hastening, tightening
premier mouvement
original tempo
traînez
dragging
vif
briskly
très vif
very briskly
tout doucement
["extremely plainly"] as softly as possible
très doucement
["very plainly"] very softly
doucement
["plainly"] softly
mi-doux
["half plainly"] medium softly
mi-fort
["half strongly"] medium loudly
fort
["strongly"] loudly
très fort
["very strongly"] very loudly
tout fort
["extremely strongly"] as loudly as possible
s'éteignant
fading away
augmentez
growing [louder]
s'affaiblissant
becoming softer
diminuant
diminishing [in loudness]
expirant
dying away
renforçant
(rfz) ["reinforcing"] emphasized
accentué
(sfz) ["forcing"] sharply accented
affectueusement
with affection, tenderly
agité
excitedly, restlessly
à volonté
["at pleasure"] at performer's discretion
en style d'un air
in the manner of a [vocal] aria
verve
spirit
calme
calm, quieted
chantant
["singable"] song-like
commode
["convenient"] comfortably, without strain
chaleureusement
["with heat"] warmly, passionately
douce[ment]
sweet[ly]
expressif
expressively
feu
["fire"] intensity, ardor
jouant
playfully
juste
["exactly"] strict[ly], precise[ly], appropriate[ly]
gracieux
gracefully
goût
taste
légèrement
lightly
majestueux
majestically
marqué
["marked"] stressed
triste
sadly
lourde[ment]
heavily
décidé, résolument
resolutely, decisively
badinant
jokingly
simplement
simply
bruyant
boisterously
tenu
held [possibly beyond its normal value]
ouvert
open, uncovered
pavillon en l'air
bell raised
bouché
stopped, covered
lointain
distant
cuivré
brassy, blaring
trémolo avec la langue
flutter-tongue
baguettes en bois
hard sticks
baguettes d'éponge
soft sticks
timbré
with snares
couvert
covered [cloth on drum head]
laissez vibrer
let vibrate [ring]
sec
drily [without resonance]
au bord
at the edge [rim]
archet
bow, bowed, with the bow
bois, dos
wood [back of the bow]
pizzicato
["pinched"] plucked, without the bow
chevalet
bridge
pointe
point [tip of the bow]
jeté, ricochet
["jumping"] bouncing bow [several notes per stroke]
sautillé
["distinct"] bouncing bow [one note per stroke]
talon
frog [where bow is held]
touche
fingerboard
antienne, hymne
hymn of praise or loyalty, often sacred, originally antiphonal [compare chorale]
aubade
informal composition for dawn or morning music [compare serenade]
canon
composition or passage in which one voice precisely follows another [compare fugue]
choral
harmonized hymn tune [compare anthem]
concerto
composition for soloist(s) and orchestra
grand concerto
baroque composition for solo group [concertino] and orchestra [ripieno]
divertissement
set of light, informal movements for small group, one player per part
étude
composition intended for practice of a particular point of technique
fugue
composition or passage in which a theme is imitated among the voices [compare canon]
entracte, interlude
music to be played between movements or acts
messe
choral setting of the Roman Catholic consecration of the elements
opéra
staged dramatic vocal work of one or more acts, with orchestra [compare oratorio]
oratorio
nonstaged, usually sacred, choral and instrumental work [compare opera]
ouverture
orchestral introduction to a larger work [compare prelude]
prélude
short composition to be played before another composition [compare overture]
rapsodie
very free-form composition, suggestive of improvisation
rondeau
composition in which the main theme returns after each of several other themes
sérénade
informal composition for evening music [compare aubade]
sonate
large-scale multi-movement composition for one or more instruments [compare symphony]
suite
set of programmatic (e.g. for the stage) movements
symphonie
large-scale multi-movement composition for orchestra [compare sonata]
poème symphonique
free-form programmatic composition for orchestra
variations
successive alterations of a melody and its accompaniment
winds
instruments à vent
woodwinds
bois
piccolo
petite flûte
flute
[grande] flûte
alto flute, bass flute [incorrect]
flûte [alto] en sol
oboe
hautbois
oboe d'amore
hautbois d'amour
English horn
cor anglais
[sopranino] piccolo clarinet
petite clarinette
clarinet
clarinette
basset horn
cor de basset
bass clarinet
clarinette basse
saxophone
saxophone
bassoon
basson
contrabassoon
contrebasson
brass
cuivres
horn, "French horn" [incorrect]
cor
trumpet
trompette
cornet
cornet à pistons
bass trumpet
trompette basse
trombone
trombone
euphonium, tenor tuba
tuba ordinaire
bass trombone
trombone basse
tuba, bass tuba
tuba, tuba basse
percussion
batterie
kettledrum
timbale
battery
batterie
snare drum
caisse claire, tambour militaire
tenor drum
caisse roulante
bass drum
grosse caisse
tambourine
tambour de basque
castanet
castagnette
cymbal
cymbale
tam-tam
tam-tam
triangle
triangle
chime
cloche
glockenspiel, orchestral bells
jeu de timbres, carillon
xylophone
xylophone
marimba
marimba
auxiliary instruments
instruments auxiliaires
mandolin
mandoline
guitar
guitare
harp
harpe
cimbalom
cymbalum
keyboard instruments
instruments à clavier
pianoforte, piano
piano
harpsichord
clavecin
organ
orgue
harmonium, reed organ
harmonium
celesta
celesta
strings
cordes
violin
violon
viola
alto
violoncello, 'cello
violoncelle
contrabass, double bass, string bass, 'bass
contrebasse